What is the Gaining Ratio?

The Gaining Ratio is calculated when a partner quit or retire from the business, and the other continues to do the business in that company. The gain ratio is also known as the retirement of a partner. In other words, when a partner leaves or retires from the firm due to some reasons like bad health, old age, etc., the existing agreement and partnership come to an end. However, the current individual’s formats a new partnership agreement with new fresh terms and conditions.

When a partner leaves a company, the profit ratio of the existing partner’s changes after they acquire the retiring partner’s share and distribute amongst each other.

A partner can retire.

  • With the mutual consent of all the partners
  • As per the partnership agreement
  • With her/his own will

Gaining Ratio in Accounting Issues

Though terms and condition of retirement are mentioned in the partnership agreement. But few accounting issues that the company has to deal with are mentioned below:

  • New gaining and new profit-sharing option
  • Amending new changes and evaluation of the cost of assets and liabilities
  • Goodwill
  • Clearance of retiring partners dues
  • Dealing with accumulated profits and reserve
  • The new capital of the existing partners

Gaining Ratio Formula

Gaining ratio formula is represented as follows:

Gaining Ratio = New Ratio – Old Ratio


Deepa, Aravind, and Deepak divided profit and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1, respectively. Deepa retires, and Arvind and Deepak decide to divide Amit’s share in the existing ratio, i.e. 2:1. Now calculate the new ratio and gaining ratio.

Solution: The existing ratio between Arvind and Deepak = 2/6 and 1/6

Deepa’s ratio (retiring partner) = 3/6

Deepa’s share taken by Arvind and Deepak in the ratio of 2:1

Arvind gets = 3/6 * 2/3 = 6/18

Deepak gets = 3/6 * 1/3 = 3/18

New ratio between Arvind and Deepak is = 6:3 = 2:1

Gaining ratio= New Ratio – Old Ratio

Arvind’s gain = 2/3 – 2/6 = 2/6

Deepak’s gain = 1/3 – 1/6 = ⅙

Gaining ratio = 2:1

New Ratio = 2:1

The above mentioned is the concept, that is elucidated in detail about ‘What is gaining ratio?’ for the Commerce students. To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S.

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