Magnesium Carbonate Formula

Magnesium carbonate is a white inorganic salt that is odourless with several industrial uses. The magnesium carbonate formula is MgCO3. It is slightly more alkaline than acidic. The most common magnesium carbonate form is the anhydrous salt known as the magnesite. Magnesite consists of white trigonal crystals. Magnesium carbonate is commonly obtained by mining the mineral magnesite. Seventy per cent of the world’s supply is mined and prepared by China. In this short piece of article, let us learn more about the magnesium carbonate formula, chemical structure and its general properties.

Magnesium Carbonate Properties

Magnesium Carbonate Properties
Name Magnesium Carbonate
Appearance White, yellowish, greyish-white or brown crystalline powder
Molecular Formula MgCO3
Melting Point 350 °C (anhydrous)

165 °C (trihydrate)

Density 2.96 g/cm³ (anhydrous)

2.825 g/cm3 (dihydrate)

1.837 g/cm3 (trihydrate)

1.73 g/cm3 (pentahydrate)

Molar Mass 84.3139 g/mol (anhydrous)

Magnesium Carbonate Chemical Structure

Magnesium Carbonate Chemical Structure

Magnesium Carbonate Uses

  • Used in the production of magnesium oxide
  • Used in cosmetics and toothpaste
  • Used in fireproofing, flooring and fire extinguishing compositions
  • Used in taxidermy for whitening skulls

To learn more about such chemistry topics register to BYJU’S now!


Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.