Sustainable development can be defined as an approach to the economic development of a country without compromising the quality of the environment for future generations.
In the name of economic development, the price of environmental damage is paid in the form of land degradation, soil erosion, air and water pollution, deforestation, etc. This damage may surpass the advantages of having more quality output of goods and services.
Given below are essential MCQs on sustainable development to analyse your understanding of the topic. The answers are also given for your reference.
Sustainable Development MCQs
Q1. Any adulterated elements leak into the ground, filtration, and are carried into a groundwater reservoir is known as _____________ .
A) Land contamination
B) Noise pollution
C) Water pollution
D) Air pollution
Q.2 South Africa is a leading exporter of which mineral?
Q.3 Which of the following options is correct when we only accomplish two out of three pillars of sustainable development?
A) Economic + Environmental sustainability = Viable
B) Social + Environmental sustainability = Bearable
C) Social + Economic sustainability = Equitable
D) All of the above
Q.4 In which year did the word ‘sustainable development’ come into existence?
Q.5 In which year was the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) started by the UN General Assembly?
Q.6 After mining, the huge holes left behind are used for ________ .
A) Wastewater storage
B) Waste and water storage
C) Waste disposal
D) Waste storage
Q.7 Mercury and lead are toxic elements that cause ________________ .
A) Noise pollution
B) Air pollution
C) Water pollution
D) Land contamination
Q.8 What is the other word for landscaping?
C) Removing topsoil
Q.9 What does a firm seek for whenever the price of the mineral remains high?
A) New countries
B) Remains the same
C) New miners
D) New deposits
Q.10 Which of the following options is not incorporated as sustainable development parameters?
A) Gender disparity and diversity
B) Inter and intra-generational equity
C) Carrying capacity
D) None of the above
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