Sustainable development can be defined as an approach to the economic development of a country without compromising the quality of the environment for future generations. In the name of economic development, the price of environmental damage is paid in the form of land degradation, soil erosion, air & water pollution, deforestation, etc. This damage may surpass the advantages of having more quality output of goods and service.
Sustainable Development Goals are:
- To promote the kind of development that minimizes environmental problems.
- To meet the needs of the existing generation without compromising the quality of the environment for future generations.
Features of Sustainable Development
Sustainable development can be achieved if we follow the following points,
- Restricting human being
- Technological development should be input effective and not input utilizing
- The rate of consumption should not surpass the rate of salvation
- For renewable resources, the rate of consumption should not surpass the rate of production of renewable substitutes.
- All types of pollution should be minimized
- Sensible use of Natural Resources
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Sustainable Development Example
- Wind Energy
- Solar Energy
- Crop Rotation
- Sustainable Construction
- Efficient Water Fixtures
- Green Space
- Sustainable Forestry
What is Environmental Crisis?
- Environmental crisis refers to a situation when an environment fails to perform its vital function of life sustenance.
- The environment is suitable as soon as 1. Resource extraction remains below the rate of resource generation.2. Generation of waste remains within the absorption capacity of the environment.
Reasons for the Environmental Crisis:
(1) Population Explosion
- The high rate of growth of population adversely affects the environment.
- It increases the demand for environmental resources, but their supply is limited.
- This results in overuse and misuse of resources.
(2) Rise in Economic Activity
- Rise in economic growth results in affluent consumption and production of goods and services.
- It generates waste which is beyond the absorptive capacity of the environment.
(3) Rapid Industrialization
- Rapid industrialization has led to deforestation, depletion of natural resources.
- It leads to water contamination due to the increasing volume of toxic substances and industrial wastes into the water bodies.
- A large migration of population from rural to urban areas results in the fast growth of slum areas.
- It leads to the excess burden on the existing infrastructural activities.
- Deforestation refers to cutting down of trees, clearing forest, etc.
- It adversely affects the environment and causes other problems.
(6) Increased Use of Insecticides, Pesticides and Chemical Fertilisers
- Farmers and workers suffer health problems due to increased use of poisonous insecticides, pesticides, and chemical fertilizers.
- The crop generated also contains chemical elements in it.
Q.1 What is the opportunity cost of the negative environment?
ANS: It is the cost incurred by a society of the impact of a negative environment on society.
Q.2 What is global warming?
ANS: It is a situation of the gradual but consistent rise in atmospheric temperature.
Q.3 What is ozone depletion?
ANS: Ozone depletion refers to the destruction of the ozone layer due to the presence of chlorine and bromine from man-made CFC (Chlorofluorocarbon) and other gases.
Q.4 What is land degradation?
ANS: It refers to a decline in the quality of soil, water or vegetation conditions.
Multiple Choice Questions:
|Q.1 _____________development meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of the future generation.|
d. None of the above
|Q.2 Which of the following is the feature of Sustainable Development?|
|a. Raises per capita income
b. Rational use of Natural Resources
c. No increase in Pollution
d. All of the above
|Q.3 _____________development promote the kind of development that minimizes environmental problems.|
d. None of the above
|1-a, 2-d, 3-a|
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