Sandeep Garg Class 12 Macroeconomics Solutions Chapter 2 Basic Concepts of Macroeconomics is explained by the expert Economic teachers from the latest edition of Sandeep Garg Macroeconomic Class 12 textbook solutions. We at BYJU’S provide Sandeep Garg economics class 12 Solutions to give comprehensive insight about the subject to the students. These insights help as a priceless benefit to students while completing their homework or while studying for their exams. There are numerous concepts in economics, but here we provide you the solution from Basic Concepts of Macroeconomics, which will be useful for the students to score well in the board exams.
Sandeep Garg Solutions Class 12 – Chapter 2 – Part B
Define factor income.
Factor income refers to the income received by the factors of production for rendering factor services in the process of production.
Define the current transfer.
Current transfers refer to transfers made out of the current income of the payer and added to the current income of the recipient.
Define gross investment
Gross investment is the addition to the stock of capital before making allowance for depreciation.
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Mention three differences between Consumption Goods vs Capital Goods.
The three differences between consumption goods and capital goods are.
|Parameters||Consumption Goods||Capital Goods|
|Type of Demand||These goods satisfy human wants directly. So, such goods have direct demand||Such goods satisfy human wants indirectly. So, such goods have derived demand|
|Impact on Production Capacity||They do not promote the production||They help in raising production capacity|
|Expected Life||Most of the consumption goods (except durable goods) have limited expected life||Capital goods generally have an expected life of more than one year|
Mention three differences between Depreciation vs Capital Loss.
The three differences between Depreciation and Capital Loss are
|Meaning||It refers to the fall in the value of fixed assets due to normal wear and tear, the passage of time or outdated technology||It refers to the loss in value of the fixed assets because it is outdated|
|Provision for loss||Provision is made for replacement of assets as it is an expected loss||No such provision is made in case of capital loss as it is an unexpected loss|
|Impact on Production Process||It does not hamper the production process||It hampers the production process|
What are the reasons for the depreciation of assets
The three reasons for the depreciation of assets are.
- Normal wear and tear– Regular use of fixed assets in the production process reduces the productive capacity and value
- Passage of time- Due to the passage of time the value of fixed assets decreases the productive capacity even if it’s not used regularly. Nature agents like wind, water, weather add up to the fall in their value.
- Expected Obsolescence– The fixed assets value also decreases because the technology, goods, and services become outdated.
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