Principles of Scientific Management by Taylor:
F.W. Taylor or Fredrick Winslow Taylor, also known as the ‘Father of scientific management’ proved with his practical theories that a scientific method can be implemented to management. Taylor gave much concentration on the supervisory level of management and performance of managers and workers at an operational level. Let’s discuss in detail the five principles of management by F.W Taylor.
1. Science, not the Rule of Thumb-
This rule focuses on increasing the efficiency of an organisation through scientific analysis of work and not with the ‘Rule of Thumb’ method. Taylor believed that even a small activity like loading paper sheets into boxcars can be planned scientifically. This will save time and also human energy. This decision should be based on scientific analysis and cause and effect relationships rather than ‘Rule of Thumb’ where the decision is taken according to the manager’s personal judgement.
2. Harmony, Not Discord-
Taylor indicated and believed that the relationship between the workers and management should be cordial and completely harmonious. Difference between the two will never be beneficial to either side. Management and workers should acknowledge and understand each other’s importance. Taylor also suggested the mental revolution for both management and workers to achieve total harmony.
Additional Reading: Difference Between Fayol and Taylor Theory of Management
3. Mental Revolution-
This technique involves a shift of attitude of management and workers towards each other. Both should understand the value of each other and work with full participation and cooperation. The aim of both should be to improve and boost the profits of the organisation. Mental Revolution demands a complete change in the outlook of both the workers and management; both should have a sense of togetherness.
4. Cooperation, not Individualism-
It is similar to ‘Harmony, not discord’ and believes in mutual collaboration between workers and the management. Managers and workers should have mutual cooperation and confidence and a sense of goodwill. The main purpose is to substitute internal competition with cooperation.
5. Development of Every Person to his Greatest Efficiency-
The effectiveness of a company also relies on the abilities and skills of its employees. Thus, implementing training, learning best practices and technology, is the scientific approach to brush up the employee skill. To assure that the training is given to the right employee, the right steps should be taken at the time of selection and recruiting candidates based on a scientific selection.
Also Read About Fayol 14 Principles of Management
These five (5) principles of scientific management process involved experiments, observation, analysis, and inference and were applied to create a cause and effect relationship.
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Frequently Asked Questions on Principles of Scientific Management
What is the rule of thumb according to Taylor?
As per the principle of scientific management formulated by Taylor, rule of thumb means application of methods decided by the manager based on his past experience or decisions taken by the manager based on personal judgements.
What are the elements of scientific management?
There are six elements of scientific management as formulated by Taylor:
- Work Study
- Standardisation of tools and equipment
- Scientific selection, placement and training
- Development of functional foremanship
- Introducing costing system
- Mental system
Who is considered the Father of scientific management?
Frederick Winslow Taylor is regarded as the Father of scientific management.
What are the 3 advantages of scientific management?
The three advantages of scientific management are as follows:
- Reduced cost of production
- Increased efficiency
- Less production time