Techniques of Scientific Management

Techniques of Scientific Management

Techniques of Scientific Management are grounded on the numerous investigations carried. Below mentioned are the techniques that are imbibed:

Functional Foremanship:

Functional foremanship is a factory administration system that supports for possessing numerous foremen in separate, functional roles. Classically, factories had just 1 manager who would manage operations. This manager or the foreman was the only contact for factory employees. Frederick Winslow Taylor, the distinguished engineer who transformed scientific management during the end of the 19th century, discovered a significant defect in this practice. When he recorded all of the features a successful supervisor would require, he discerned that no one person could probably have every single one. Therefore, the idea of working foremanship was born.

Standardisation and Simplification of Work:

What is Standardisation?

Standardisation implies to the method of establishing standards for every industry activity; it can be standardisation of manner, time, raw material, machinery, product, processes or operating situations. These examples are the benchmarks, which must be adhered to throughout the production.

Related Read: What are the Principles of Management?

What is Simplification?

Simplification points at erasing unnecessary types, sizes and dimensions while standardisation intends devising new types rather than the existing ones. Simplification points at eliminating a redundant variety of products. It results in savings of the cost of machines, tools and labour. It means controlled inventories, complete utilisation of supplies and boosting turnover.

Method Study:

The purpose of the outlined study is to find out one vigorous way of performing the job. There are different ways of performing the job. To ascertain the best way, there are diverse parameters. Right from the obtainment of raw materials until the ultimate product is presented to the consumer, every pursuit is part of method research. Taylor devised the idea of the assembly line by applying the method study.

Motion Study:

Motion study pertains to the study of movements like putting objects, lifting, changing positions and sitting etc., which are moved while doing a conventional job. Random movements are solicited to be reduced so that it takes less time to perform the job effectively.

Time Study:

It circumscribes the conventional time taken to complete a well-defined job. Time regulating devices are used for each part of the task. The standard time is set for the entirety of the task by taking different readings. The course of time study will rely upon the frequency and volume of the task, the cycle time of the process and time measurement costs.

Fatigue Study:

A person is obliged to feel tired mentally and physically if she or he does not relax while working. The rest periods will assist one to recover vitality and work again with the same capacity. This will result in improved potency. Fatigue study tries to define the amount and regularity of rest intervals in accomplishing a task.

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The above mentioned is the concept, that is elucidated in detail about the Techniques of Scientific Management for the Class 12 Commerce students. To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S.


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