Potassium Hypochlorite Formula

Potassium hypochlorite with the formula KClO is a pungent colourless solution with an irritating odour. Potassium hypochlorite can be prepared by the reaction of chlorine with potassium hydroxide. It can also be produced by the electrolysis of potassium chloride solution. In both methods, the reaction mixture must be kept cold to prevent the formation of potassium chlorate. In this article, we shall learn more about the potassium hypochlorite formula, its chemical structure, properties and uses.

Potassium Hypochlorite Properties

Properties of Potassium Hypochlorite


Potassium Hypochlorite


Light grey liquid

Chemical Formula


Melting Point

−2 °C

Boiling Point

102 °C


1.160 g/cm3

Molar Mass

90.55 g/mol

Solubility in Water

Slightly soluble

Potassium Hypochlorite Structure

Potassium Hypochlorite Formula

Potassium Hypochlorite Uses

  • Used for disinfecting water and sanitizing the surface
  • Used as a bleaching agent
  • Used as an industrial oxidizer

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 In Hardy - Weinberg equation, the frequency of heterozygous individual is represented by