Tartaric Acid Formula

Tartaric acid formula is given here along with its structural formula. Tartaric acid, also known as dihydroxy butanedioic acid is one of the carboxylic acids and if found naturally in certain fruits like grapes, bananas, tamarinds, etc. The detailed structure and chemical formula of dihydroxy butanedioic acid i.e. tartaric acid are explained below.

Tartaric Acid Chemical formula

Tartaric acid has 4 carbon atoms, 6 hydrogen atoms, and 6 oxygen atoms. It has a molecular weight of 150.09 g/mole and has two hydroxy groups along with two dicarboxylic groups. The dihydroxy butanedioic acid (tartaric acid) chemical formula is given as-

Chemical Formula of Tartaric Acid

(CH(OH)COOH)2

Or,

HO2C-CH(OH)-CH(OH)-CO2H

Molecular Formula of Tartaric Acid

C4H6O6

Tartaric Acid Structural formula

Tartaric acid is a dihydroxy and dicarboxylic acid as it has two OH and two COOH groups. It is a chiral molecule and shows stereoisomerism properties namely, D-tartaric acid, L-tartaric acid, and meso-tartaric acid. Check isomerism to know more about stereoisomerism property of the isomers along with their classifications.

Simple Structure of Tartaric Acid

Simple Structure of Tartaric Acid

Structure of D-tartaric Acid

Structure of D-tartaric Acid

Structure of L-tartaric Acid

Structure of L-tartaric Acid

Structure of Meso-tartaric Acid

Structure of Meso-tartaric Acid

Tartaric acid is readily soluble in water and is used extensively in the food industry due to its antioxidant properties. Also, it has several industrial applications like polishing metals, photographic printing, wool dyeing, etc.

To learn more about the chemical formulas and structural formulas of various other compounds, keep visiting BYJU’S.

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