What are the Parts of a Microscope?

Microscopes are tools used to view extremely tiny objects, such as cells and microbes, and provide a contrasted, magnified image. Each of the magnifying lenses used in microscopes has a different level of magnification. It magnifies the specimen following the focal strength of the lens, depending on the type.

Simple Microscope With Parts Name

A primitive light microscope with only one lens is called a simple microscope. Simple microscopes do not have a condenser. They use natural light and fewer knobs and hooks for adjustability. Compound microscopes, however, contain two adjustment knobs: fine and coarse. In addition, their magnification is higher than that of a simple microscope.

The head, arm, and base are the three essential structural parts.

  • The head or body consists of the optical parts in the upper portion of the microscope.
  • The arm joins and supports the base and head. It is also used to move the microscope.
  • The base of the microscope contains the illuminator and supports the microscope.

The optical parts of the microscope are as follows:

  1. Eyepiece (ocular)
  2. Eyepiece tube (eyepiece holder)
  3. Objective lenses
  4. Nose piece
  5. Adjustment knobs (Coarse and Fine)
  6. Stage
  7. Aperture
  8. Microscopic illuminator
  9. Condenser
  10. Diaphragm
  11. Condenser focus knob
  12. Abbe Condenser
  13. The rack stop

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