Difference Between Biology and Microbiology

Biology is a natural science, which is concerned with the study of principles and governing life processes. This subject contributes greatly to the existence of life on earth. Therefore, Biology is taught in every educational institute as a main and compulsory subject. The subject also helps students to access knowledge with the aim to explore relationships between the living and nonliving, the living world, the diversity of living organisms and a lot more.

Microbiology is a scientific study of microorganisms including their life cycle, habitat, cell structure, and their relation with humans, plants, and animals, along with other beneficial and harmful microorganisms in biodiversity. 

Read more: Microbiology

Here, in this article let us explore more in detail on the difference between Biology and Microbiology.

Biology vs Microbiology – The significant difference.



It is a diverse field of science It is a sub-field or branch of biology
It is a core subject. It is more fundamental and applied science.
It deals with the study of life and living organisms. It is the study of bacteria and many other microscopic organisms.
It also deals with the study of both living and non-living things. It mainly deals with the study of microorganisms and their features.
Biology deals with both macroscopic and microscopic organisms. Microbiology deals only with microscopic organisms.

This concludes the major difference between Biology and Microbiology.

For more information on Biology, Microbiology, its branches and other related topics,  keep visiting our website at BYJU’S Biology.

Frequently Asked Questions on Difference Between Biology and Microbiology

What is Biology?

Biology is a broad field of study of living organisms and their vital processes.

What is microbiology?

Microbiology deals with the microscopic organisms, growth, culturing of microorganisms, the diseases caused by them, antibiotics and utilising microbes for industrial products production.

What are microorganisms?

Organisms that cannot be seen through the naked eye but only through the microscope are called microorganisms. E.g.: algae, bacteria, fungi and viruses.

What is the significance of microorganisms?

They are important for nitrogen fixation.
They are used for the production of SCP, antibiotics, organic acids and enzymes.

Name some of the diseases caused by microorganisms.

Cholera, chicken pox, AIDS, malaria, dengue, seborrheic dermatitis and typhoid are some of the diseases caused by microorganisms.

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