Difference between Shoot and Stem

Shoot and stem are often confused and used interchangeably in botanical terms. However, a shoot and a stem are different structurally and functionally. Before differentiating between them, let us find out about shoots and stems in detail.

What is a Shoot?

A shoot is part of the plant above the ground (however, some shoots are also present below the ground, such as tubers and rhizomes). It bears the leaves, flowering buds, lateral buds and flowering stems. It is responsible for food production or photosynthesis in the plant.

A shoot is also referred to as the young plant that arises from the soil after germinating a seed.

What is a Stem?

A stem is the axis of a plant that bears the fruits, flowers, buds and leaves. It consists of nodes and internodes. The chief function of stems is to transport food, water and minerals to all plant parts. It also provides structural support to the plants.

Let us find out the difference between a shoot and a stem.

Shoot

Stem

Definition

A shoot is the above-ground part of the plant that bears the flowering buds, lateral buds and flowering stems.

A stem is the axis of the plant that consists of nodes and internodes.

Functions

It is responsible for food production or photosynthesis in plants.

  • It helps transport water, minerals and food to all parts of the plant.
  • It also provides structural support to the plant.

Components

It bears the stems, flowering and lateral buds, leaves and appendages.

It consists of nodes and internodes.

Visit BYJU’S Biology to learn more.

Also Read:

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between a shoot and a root?

The main difference between a shoot and a root is that shoots are parts of the plant that grow above the ground, whereas roots are parts of the plant that grow below the ground.

Are stems a root or a shoot?

Stems are part of the shoot system of the plant that bears fruits, flowers and leaves.

What is the difference between a stem and a branch?

Stems are the central structural axis of the plant, whereas branches are the parts arising from the stems that are dividing in nature.

What are the similarities between a shoot and a stem?

Following are the point of similarities between a shoot and a stem –

  • Both are found above the ground.
  • Both take part in photosynthesis.
  • Both show phototropic movement.
  • They are both living and able to grow.

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

*

BOOK

Free Class