What is the Meaning of Breeding in Biology?

In Biology, breeding means the process of sexual reproduction, typically plants or animals, to produce offspring. It can only occur between a male and a female plant or animal.

Breeding may include:

  • Animal husbandry uses certain species, including various animals.
  • Breeding in the wild is a mechanism used naturally by animals to reproduce.
  • Plant sexual reproduction.
  • Plant breeding uses specimens that individuals have chosen for desirable qualities.

Through selective cultivation, earlier agriculturalists enhanced a wide range of plants. Animal breeding involves selecting the ideal characteristic (fine wool or high milk output), breeding stock, and a breeding strategy (e.g., inbreeding, crossbreeding). Pollination is a crucial component of modern plant breeding; only pollen from the selected male parent may be transmitted to the selected female parent.

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