MCQs on Anatomy

1. Which of the following muscular valve controls the flow of digestive juice from the hepatopancreatic duct to duodenum?

(a) Sphincter of Oddi

(b) Semilunar valve

(c) Ileocaecal valve

(d) Pyloric sphincter

Sol: (a) Sphincter of Oddi.

2. Which of the following is present on the surface of intestinal epithelial cells?

(a) Zymogen granules

(b) Pinocytic vesicles

(c) Phagocytic vesicles

(d) Microvilli

Sol: (d) Microvilli.

3. Lungs are enclosed within

(a) Perichondrium

(b) Periosteum

(c) Pleural membrane

(d) Pericardium

Sol: (c) Pleural membrane.

4. The maximum amount of urea is present in 

(a) Dorsal Aorta

(b) Hepatic Vein

(c) Renal Vein

(d) Hepatic Portal Vein

Sol: (b) Hepatic Vein.

5. Which of the following organs is known as “graveyard” of RBCs?

(a) Spleen

(b) Kidney

(c) Liver

(d) Gall bladder

Sol: (a) Spleen.

6. Which of the following organs contains ‘Bundle of His’?

(a) Pancreas

(b) Brain

(c) Kidney

(d) Heart

Sol: (d) Heart.

7. Heartbeat originates from

(a) papillary muscles

(b) SA node

(c) AV node

(d) Purkinje fibres

Sol: (b) SA node.

8. Which of the following features is common in both humans and adult frogs?

(a) Internal fertilization

(b) Ureotelic mode of excretion

(c) Nucleated RBCs

(d) Four chambered heart

Sol: (b) Ureotelic mode of excretion.

9. The basic functional unit of a human kidney is known as

(a) Nephron

(b) Pyramid

(c) Henle’s loop nephron

(d) Nephridia

Sol: (a) Nephron.

10. Single uriniferous tubule does not contain

(a) Loop of Henle

(b) Collecting duct

(c) Distal convoluted tubule

(d) Bowman’s capsule

Sol: (b) Collecting duct

11. Which of the following joints is immovable?

(a) Fibrous joint

(b) Synovial joint

(c) Cartilaginous joints

(d) Ball and Socket joint

Sol: (a) Fibrous joint

12. The middle portion of the human sperm contains

(a) Nucleus

(b) Proteins

(c) Centriole

(d) Mitochondria

Sol: (d) Mitochondria.

13. Which of the following is the correctly matched pair of an organ and muscles present in the organ?

(a) Intestine – striated and involuntary

(b) Upper arm – smooth muscle and fusiform in shape

(c) Heart – involuntary and unstriated smooth muscle

(d) Thigh – striated and voluntary

Sol: (d) Thigh – striated and voluntary.

14. Cartilage at the end of long bones is

(a) Calcified cartilage

(b) Fibrous cartilage

(c) Hyaline cartilage

(d) Elastic cartilage

Sol: (c) Hyaline cartilage.

15. A deltoid ridge is present in

(a) Humerus

(b) Femur

(c) Radius

(d) Ulna

Sol: (a) Humerus.

16. Intercostal muscles are attached with

(a) Diaphragm

(b) Ribs

(c) Thigh

(d) Abdomen

Sol: (b) Ribs.

17. The balancing organ of the ear is

(a) Organ of Corti

(b) Vestibular apparatus

(c) Tectorial membrane

(d) Cochlea

Sol: (b) Vestibular apparatus

18. Which of the following is a part of hindbrain?

(a) Hypothalamus

(b) Cerebellum

(c) Spinal cord

(d) Corpus callosum

Sol: (b) Cerebellum.

19. Which of the following parts of the brain controls body temperature and hunger?

(a) Thalamus

(b) Pons

(c) Cerebellum

(d) Hypothalamus

Sol: (d) Hypothalamus.

20. Which of the following parts acts as an endocrine gland after ovulation?

(a) Vitelline membrane

(b) Stroma

(c) Germinal epithelium

(d) Graafian follicle

Sol: (d) Graafian follicle.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S Biology for more MCQs and other Biology related topics.

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