Census is the process of collecting details and authentic information about the population growth or the growth of the economy. It also provides information on the mortality and fertility rate, languages as well.
It is a way of dispersing information based on the demographic, socio-cultural and economic data after an interval of ten years.
Census in India started from the year 1830 and the latest census was held in 2011. Therefore, census can be broken down into two phases 1) Pre-independence 2) Post Independence.
The first known census for citizens was done in 1830 by Henry Walter in Daac (also known as Dhaka). Therefore, Henry Walter is known as the ather of Indian Census.
This was followed by a second census that was conducted in 1836-37 and was overseen by Fort St.George.
The first continuous or synchronous census started in the year 1881 and then followed a 10 year cycle. It was under the leadership of W.C Plowden, who was the Census commissioner of India.
Post Independence Period
The first census of Independent India was conducted in 1951, and the latest census to be conducted was of 2011.
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