Inheritance refers to the process of transmission of genes from parent to offspring.
Inheritance is the passing on of genetic traits from parents to their offspring, and these offspring get all the genetic information from their parents. Therefore, inheritance explains why parents and their children have similar characteristic traits. The characteristic traits passed on by parents include eye colour, hair colour, and blood type. In certain extreme health situations, even diseases can be passed onto offspring from their parents.
Majority of our cells have two sets of 23 chromosome cells which are diploid. Whereas, sex cells like sperms and eggs, also known as gametes have only one set of chromosomes, which are haploid. After fertilization, the fertilized egg or cell contains two sets of 23 diploid chromosomes and a complete set of directions needed to make more cells, a whole person. This is how each cell in the new offspring entails genetic material from both the parents.
Apart from physical features, even illness or diseases can be passed on to the next generation through inheritance. Because of this, diseases run in a family of generations.
Frequently Asked Questions on Inheritance Definition
Inheritance is defined as the transmission of genes from parents to their offspring.
What are the most common hereditary diseases?
Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis, thalassemia are a few examples of most common hereditary diseases.
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