What is difference between hypotonic and hypertonic solution?

A cell placed in a hypotonic solution will swell due to the movement of water into the cell. Alternatively, if a cell is placed in a hypertonic solution, the cell will shrink due to the movement of water outside the cell through osmosis. The difference between a hypotonic solution and a hypertonic solution is tabulated below:

Hypotonic solution Hypertonic solution
The solution outside the cell has a higher soluble concentration than inside the cell. Thus, the water molecules move outside the cell from inside. The solution outside the cell has a less concentrated solution than inside the cell. Thus,  the water molecules move inside the cell from outside.
A solution whose concentration is less than the cell sap or inside of a cell. A solution whose concentration is more than the cell sap or that inside a cell.
A plant cell becomes turgid when putting in a hypotonic solution. A plant cell undergoes plasmolysis in a hypertonic solution.

1 Comment

  1. Anagha Indrakanti

    A nice website to find all answers for different subjects and questions at one place.

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