MCQs on Environment and Sustainable Development

The environment is the totality of all biotic and abiotic elements that have an influence on each other as well as the surroundings. With the rapid scale of development in the last few decades, the environment has suffered due to the overexploitation of natural resources and the resulting pollution. Keeping that in mind, a number of countries are making special efforts to ensure sustainable development, which improves economic growth but not at the cost of environmental damage.

We have listed below a number of multiple-choice questions on environment and sustainable development to help students prepare for their exams.

  1. Which of the following statements is correct about achieving sustainable development?
    1. Sustainable development can be achieved by restricting the usage of renewable resources
    2. Sustainable development can be achieved by controlling the growth rate of world’s population
    3. Sustainable development can be achieved by controlling the menace of pollution
    4. All of the above
  2. Answer: d

  3. Which of the following statements is true about global warming?
    1. Global warming has led to large scale deforestation
    2. Global warming has led to a rise in the sea levels
    3. Global warming has led to a rapid increase in the population across several countries
    4. Global warming has led to a huge amount of waste generation
  4. Answer: b

  5. Which of the following was the main purpose behind setting up the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)?
    1. The main purpose of the Central Pollution Control Board was to regulate air pollution
    2. The main purpose of the Central Pollution Control Board was to regulate water pollution
    3. The main purpose of the Central Pollution Control Board was to regulate noise pollution
    4. The main purpose of the Central Pollution Control Board was to regulate deforestation
  6. Answer: a

  7. Which of the following statements is correct?
    1. Tides are a conventional source of energy
    2. Sun is a conventional source of energy
    3. Wind is a conventional source of energy
    4. Dried dung is a conventional source of energy
  8. Answer: d

  9. Which of the following statements about the ozone shield is accurate?
    1. Ozone shield is found in the troposphere
    2. Ozone shield is found in the stratosphere
    3. Ozone shield is found in the exosphere
    4. Ozone shield is found in the mesosphere
  10. Answer: b

  11. Which of the following statements is true about the ozone layer depletion?
    1. Ozone layer depletion leads to the problem of skin cancer within humans
    2. Ozone layer depletion results in a lower amount of production of phytoplankton
    3. Ozone layer depletion hampers the growth of the terrestrial plants
    4. All of the above
  12. Answer: d

  13. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. Ozone depletion is one of the main reasons for soil erosion
    2. Deforestation is one of the main reasons for soil erosion
    3. Air pollution is one of the main reasons for soil erosion
    4. Global warming is one of the main reasons for soil erosion
  14. Answer: b

  15. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. The Central Pollution Control Board has identified twenty five industrial categories as significantly polluting
    2. The Central Pollution Control Board has identified thirty five industrial categories as significantly polluting
    3. The Central Pollution Control Board has identified forty five industrial categories as significantly polluting
    4. The Central Pollution Control Board has identified seventeen industrial categories as significantly polluting
  16. Answer: d

  17. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. Economic growth is the modern concept for development
    2. Political growth is the modern concept for development
    3. Sustainable growth is the modern concept for development
    4. Social growth is the modern concept for development
  18. Answer: c

  19. Which of the following statements is correct?
    1. Global warming is a result of ozone layer depletion
    2. Global warming is a natural phenomenon
    3. Global warming is defined as the rise in the average temperature of the surface of the Earth
    4. Global warming is simply another term that scientists use to describe the greenhouse effect
  20. Answer: c

  21. Which of the following statements is correct?
    1. The Chipko movement was about banning the use of chlorofluorocarbon, bromine and chlorine compounds
    2. The Kyoto protocol was about banning the use of chlorofluorocarbon, bromine and chlorine compounds
    3. The Appiko movement was about banning the use of chlorofluorocarbon, bromine and chlorine compounds
    4. The Montreal protocol was about banning the use of chlorofluorocarbon, bromine and chlorine compounds
  22. Answer: d

  23. Which of the following statements about climate change is true?
    1. Plantation can be a preventive measure to tackle climate change
    2. The usage of cycles instead of bikes or cars for transportation can be a preventive measure to tackle climate change
    3. The usage of organic products can be a preventive measure to tackle climate change
    4. All of the above
  24. Answer: d

  25. Which of the following statements gives the correct meaning of absorptive capacity?
    1. Absorptive capacity is defined as the ability of our environment to absorb degradation
    2. Absorptive capacity is defined as the method of resource generation that is within the assimilating capacity of our environment
    3. Absorptive capacity is defined as the average number of organisms that are living within a given environment
    4. Absorptive capacity is defined as the minimum population that is currently surviving in the world
  26. Answer: a

  27. Which of the following is true about the environment?
    1. The environment includes only biotic factors
    2. The environment includes only abiotic factors
    3. The environment includes both biotic and abiotic factors
    4. The environment includes neither biotic nor abiotic factors
  28. Answer: c

  29. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. The United Nations Conference on Climate Change was held in India in the year 1997
    2. The United Nations Conference on Climate Change was held in Japan in the year 1997
    3. The United Nations Conference on Climate Change was held in China in the year 1997
    4. The United Nations Conference on Climate Change was held in Canada in the year 1997
  30. Answer: b

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