After India gained independence, there was demand on a large scale for the reconstruction of states on linguistic basis. In Maharashtra also, the demand for state of Marathi speaking people led to ‘Samyukta Maharashtra Movement’ from 1946 onwards. Through various changing circumstances the movement progressed and finally on 1 May 1960 the state of Maharashtra came to be formed. Students who aim to score well in their exam can get access to the MSBSHSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 14 and prepare themselves confidently for the final exams.
MSBSHSE Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 14 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions
MSBSHSE Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 14 Textbook Exercise Questions
Q1. Rewrite the statements by choosing the appropriate options.
(1) The State of …………. was formed on 1 May 1960.
(c) Andhra Pradesh
(2) …………. put forth the proposal of Samyukta Maharashtra with Mumbai in the Mumbai Municipal Corporation.
(a) G.T. Madkholkar
(b) Acharya Atre
(d) Shankarrao Dev
(3) …………. accepted the responsibility as first Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
(a) Yashwantrao Chavan
(b) Pruthviraj Chavhan
(c) Shankarrao Chavan
(d) Vilasrao Deshmukh
Answer 1: The State of Maharashtra was formed on 1 May 1960.
Answer 2: Acharya Atre put forth the proposal of Samyukta Maharashtra with Mumbai in the Mumbai Municipal Corporation.
Answer 3: Yashwantrao Chavan accepted the responsibility as first Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
Q2. Explain the following statements with reasons.
(1) Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti came to be established.
(2) The role of newspapers was important in the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement.
Answer 1: The issue of the demand of the Marathi speaking people started becoming complicated. Discontent spread throughout the state. On 6 February 1956, a meeting was conducted under the Chairmanship of Keshavrao Jedhe at Tilak Smarak Mandir in Pune. The Samiti declared its Executive Council. Comrade Shripad Amrut Dange as the President. Dr. T.R. Naravane as Vice President and S.M.Joshi as General Secretary were selected. G.T. Madkholkar, Acharya P.K. Atre, Madhu Dandavate, Prabodhankar Keshav Thackeray, Y.K. Souni played an important role in establishing the Samiti. At the same time Senapati Bapat, Krantisinh Nana Patil, Lalji Pendse, Ahilyabai Rangnekar contributed immensely to the Samyukta Maharashtra movement. They spread the movement to rural parts of Maharashtra.
Answer 2: In this movement the role of newspapers was important. Prabodhan, Kesari, Sakal, Navakal, Navyug, Prabhat many such newspapers worked for awakening of the people. Acharya Atre started the ‘Maratha’ newspaper which played an important role in Samyukta Maharashtra Movement. Balasaheb Thackeray took up the pen name ‘Mavla’ and drew caricatures to make the movement comprehensive. Lokshahir Annabhau Sathe, Shahir Amar Sheikh and Shahir D.N.Gavankar through their writings aroused public awakening on a large scale.
Q3. Write short notes.
(1) Samyukta Maharashtra Parishad
(2) Contribution of Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti.
Answer 1: Samyukta Maharashtra Parishad – On 28 July, ‘Maharashtra Ekikaran Parishad’ was called at Mumbai. Shankarrao Dev was its president. It passed a resolution that all Marathi speaking regions should be included in one state. This should also include Marathi speaking regions of Mumbai, Central provinces as well as Marathwada and Gomantak.
Answer 2: Samyukta Maharashtra Movement (or Samyukta Maharashtra Chalval) was an organisation that, starting in 1956, demanded the creation of a separate Marathi-speaking state out of the (then-bilingual) State of Bombay in western India, with the city of Bombay as its capital. The Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti achieved its goal on 1 May 1960, when the State of Bombay was partitioned into the Marathi-speaking State of Maharashtra and the Gujarati-speaking State of Gujarat. Keshavrao Jedhe founded Samyukta Maharashtra Movement in Pune.
Q4. Complete the following diagram.
|Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti|
|Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti|
|General Secretary||S.M. Joshi|
|President||Comrade Shripad Amrut Dange|
Q5. Define short notes on
(1) Dar Commission
(2) JVP Committee (Three Ministers Committee)
(3) Commission for Reconstruction of States
Answer 1: Dar Commission – On 17 June 1947, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the President of Constituent Assembly established the ‘Dar Commission’ under the chairmanship of Justice S.K. Dar, for forming linguistic provinces. On 10 December 1948, the report of Dar Commission was published but the issue remained unsolved.
Answer 2: To study the conditions of creating linguistic provinces, the Congress appointed a committee on 29 December 1948. It included Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel and Pattabhi Sitaramayya. It is known by the initials of these members as ‘JVP Committee’. The report suggested that Congress accepts the concept of linguistic state in principle but the time was not proper for it. Severe response was seen throughout Maharashtra against this report. During that time Senapati Bapat organised rallies for awakening of people. Acharya Atre passed the proposal of Samyukta Maharashtra with Mumbai in the Mumbai Municipal Corporation. It got passed by 50 against 35 votes. Due to it, the desire that Mumbai should be included in Maharashtra was proven.
Answer 3: Commission for Reconstruction of States: Government of India appointed a ‘Commission for Reconstruction of States’ on 29 December 1953, under the Chairmanship of Justice Fazal Ali. This commission presented their proposal on 10 October 1955. This proposal advocated for creation of bilingual Mumbai State.