MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Political Science Chapter 3 solutions should be solved by students without fail to understand the concepts thoroughly. These solutions are most popular study materials among students while preparing for their board exams. Solving these MSBSHSE Class 9 solutions of Political Science Chapter 3 will make students more confident to face the board exams. Students can solve them for practice and ace their exam. These solutions give detailed explanations to the questions mentioned in the chapter.
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Political Science Chapter 3 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Political Science Chapter 3 Textbook Exercise Questions
Q1. Choose the right option and rewrite the sentence.
(1) The ………… of India is the Commander-in-Chief of all the Defence Forces.
(a) Prime Minister
(c) Defence Minister
(2) The …………….. has the responsibility of protecting the coastline.
(b) Coast Guard
(c) Border Security Force
(d) Rapid Action Force
(3) The …………….. has been established with the purpose of instilling among students the love of discipline and military training.
(a) Border Security Force (BSF)
(b) Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
(c) National Cadet Core (NCC)
(d) Rapid Action Force (RAF)
Answer 1: The President of India is the Commander-in-Chief of all the Defence Forces.
Answer 2: The Coast Guard has the responsibility of protecting the coastline.
Answer 3: The National Cadet Core (NCC) has been established with the purpose of instilling among students the love of discipline and military training.
Q2. Explain with reasons whether the following statements are true or false.
(1) It is necessary to end terrorism to ensure human security.
(2) Every nation creates a strong security system for itself.
(3) There are no issues of dispute between India and Pakistan.
Answer 1: The statement is true. Terrorism targets common, innocent people. It aims at creating terror or fear in their minds, so that they begin to feel insecure. Thus, in order to protect human security, it is necessary to put an end to terrorism.
Answer 2: The statement is true. Every nation creates a strong security for itself to keep safe and to ensure safety of the citizen.
Answer 3: The statement is false. There are several issues between India and Pakistan related to Kashmir, water dispute, dispute over the border, etc.
Q3. Write short notes.
(1) The functions of the Rapid Action Force
(2) Human Security
(3) Home Guard
Answer 1: The Rapid Action Force are paramilitary forces to help the defence forces in India. They are neither completely military forces nor completely civil forces. The paramilitary forces are responsible for the security of important locations like railway stations, oil depots, water reserves, etc. The Rapid Action Force performs the task of bringing people’s lives to normalcy by moving in quickly in incidents of threat to National Security such as bomb blasts or riots.
Answer 2: Human Security – Human Security refers to human-centric thinking. In human security, it is expected that human beings should be protected from all sorts of dangers and they should be given the opportunities of education, health and development. The concept of human security also includes the idea that a conducive environment should be created for everybody to live a respectable life by overcoming illiteracy, poverty, superstition, backwardness, etc. Human security necessitates the protection of the rights of minorities and weaker sections.
Answer 3: Home Guard – This organisation was established in the pre-independence period. Citizens can join the Home Guard and assist in the defence of the country. Any citizen, man or woman, between the ages of 20 and 35 years can join the Home Guards. This force has the following tasks : Maintain public security, supply of milk, water and other essential services during riots or strikes, to regulate traffic, to help people at the time of natural disasters like floods, earthquakes, etc.
Q4. Give your own opinion about:
(1) Which of the forces related to India’s security would you like to join? Why?
(2) Give your views on the policy: ‘Atoms for Peace’.
Answer 1: · I would like to join the navy. As it would give me the opportunity to safeguard the maritime borders. Protecting the sea seems a nice responsibility, the place would be filled with serenity and also it would give me a perfect feeling as I like peaceful places.
Answer 2: Atoms of peace is the program which was started to give brief knowledge about nuclear technology to the non nuclear countries. This program was launched in the United States by the President of the US. The first study center was made in Iran and the next center was made in Pakistan.
Q5. Answer the following questions in brief.
(1) What are the threats to national security?
(2) Write the functions of the Border Security Force.
Answer 1: The threats to national security are as follows:
- Right from the time of independence, Pakistan and China have tried to threaten India’s National Security. There are several disputes between India and Pakistan. For example, the Kashmir issue, disputes over river water sharing, the problem of infiltrations, dispute over the border, etc. India has continually tried to solve these issues through discussion and negotiations.
- India and China are important countries in Asia. In 1962, we had to go to war with China. As China is trying to establish its own hegemony over countries that are India’s neighbours, there are tensions in Sino-Indian relations. There is also a dispute between India and China over their borders.
- India’s security is not only threatened by outside powers, but also from within. It is not just the difference between external security and internal security that is important anymore. Religion, regionalism, several rebellious movements based on ideology, race-ethnicity and economic inequality are creating instability. For example, the Naxalite movement is a threat to India’s internal security.
- Terrorism is the biggest challenge to India’s internal security. It is a global problem and India is making efforts to end terrorism.
Answer 2: The Border Security Force performs tasks like creating a sense of security in the minds of people living in areas near the border, preventing smuggling, patrolling the border, etc.