MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 1 is considered as a great resource for exam preparation. Students practising these MSBSHSE Class 9 solutions of History Chapter 1 become more confident when appearing for any of their academic exams. So, students should keep these solutions nearby while solving textbook questions of the chapter. Sources of modern history are different from those of ancient and medieval history. We can study history with the help of various sources like written sources, material sources, oral sources and sources in the audio-visual medium. In the modern period, we have to take note of various sources on the regional, state, national as well as international level.
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 1 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 1 Textbook Exercise Questions
Q1. (A) Choose the right option and rewrite the sentence.
(1) The National Archives of India is situated at……….
(b) New Delhi
(2) The …………… is included among the Audio-Visual media.
(c) All India Radio
(3) ………. is not included in physical sources.
Answer 1: The National Archives of India are situated at New Delhi
Answer 2: The Television is included among the Audio-Visual media.
Answer 3: Proverbs is not included in physical sources.
(B) Identify the wrong pair and rewrite the corrected one.
|Anna Bhau Sathe||A people’s bard|
|Amar Shaikh||Art collector|
|Anna Bhau Sathe||Art collector|
|Amar Shaikh||A people’s bard|
Q2. Write short notes.
(1) Written Sources
(2) Press Trust of India
Answer 1: The following sources are included in the written sources.
Documents in the Archives
Answer 2: After 1953, the Press Trust of India has been an important source of primary details of all important events and of articles on important subjects. Press Trust of India has provided reports, photographs and articles on financial and scientific issues to newspapers. PTI has now started its online service. During the 1990s, PTI started using the ‘satellite broadcast’ technology instead of tele-printers to send news all over the country. This material is important for writing the history of modern India.
Q3. Give Reasons.
(1) The postal department tries to preserve the heritage and integrity of Indian culture through postage stamps.
(2) Audio-visual media are an important source for writing the history of modern India.
Answer 1: The postage stamps don’t reveal anything on their own. Yet a historian makes them speak. There have been several changes in postage stamps since India became independent. Postage stamps reveal a lot to us about changing times due to the variety in the sizes of the stamps, the novelty in their subjects and colour schemes.
The Postal Department issues postage stamps on a wide variety of themes like political leaders, flowers, animals, birds, an event, or the silver, golden, diamond jubilees or centenary, bicentenary, tercentenary of different events. It is therefore a valuable repository of history.
Answer 2: Television, films, internet are called ‘Audio-visual media’. Many domestic and foreign television channels also come under this head, eg., History channel, Discovery channel, etc.
Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): The Government of India started the Film and Television Institute of India at Pune in 1960 with the purpose of providing public education. An institute called Indian News Review has produced various newsreels on important events in politics, social issues, art, sports and culture. This Department has also produced various documentaries on prominent social leaders, on people who have made major contributions to the country and about important locations in India. These news releases and documentaries are useful for studying the history of modern India.
Q4. Write short notes on:
(1) Oral sources
Answer 1: Oral sources – Oral sources include folktales, folksongs, proverbs, ballads and owis (Marathi verses in the oral tradition). Activists were inspired by the powadas of Lokshahir Anna Bhau Sathe and Shahir Amar Sheikh during the Sanyukta Maharashtra Movement.
Answer 2: Museums – All States of India have museums that depict the characteristics and display the cultural and social heritage of the State. They enable us to understand history (eg., the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Museum at Mumbai, Reserve Bank Museum in Pune city). Apart from the Government Museums, some private collectors also set up their own museums. They are based on distinctive subjects. eg., coins, notes, lamps and nutcrackers in different shapes, cricket equipment, etc.
Answer 3: Coins – We can understand history with the help of coins and the changes in the printing of currency notes. Reserve Bank of India prints the notes. It has its headquarters in Mumbai. The coins from 1950 to those used at present, the metals used for making them, their different shapes, the diversity of subjects on them together help us to understand the important contemporary issues in India eg., coins to convey the message of population control and coins communicating the importance of agriculture and of farmers.
Answer 4: Newspapers: Through newspapers, we can get information about national and international affairs, politics, art, sports, literature and social and cultural affairs. Newspapers contain matters related to human life. Most national newspapers have started their regional editions. They publish supplements that give information about various topics. Newsletters of various movements, the dailies or weeklies of political parties, monthly and annual magazines are important among the print media. Some newspapers produce special supplements towards the end of the year that take an overview of the important events of the year. Such supplements help us understand the important events of the year.