MSBSHSE SSC (Class10) Social Science Political Science Chapter 1 can be freely accessed by students to start adequate preparation for their upcoming exams. These solutions are used by students to understand the difficult and tricky concepts. Students with the help of these MSBSHSE SSC solutions will be exposed to all types of questions that can be framed in the examination. These solutions highlight the main topics and concepts from Chapter 1.
MSBSHSE Class 10 Social Science Political Science Chapter 1 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions
MSBSHSE Class 10 Social Science Political Science Chapter 1 Textbook Exercise Questions
Q1. Choose the correct option from the given options and complete the sentences.
(1) In Maharashtra ………… seats are reserved for women in local self-governing institutions.
(2) Which of the following laws created a favourable environment for women to secure freedom and self-development?
(a) Right to Information Act
(b) Dowry Prohibition Act
(c) Food Security Act
(d) None of the above
(3) The essence of democracy is ……….
(a) universal adult franchise.
(b) decentralisation of power.
(c) policy of reservation of seats.
(d) judicial decisions.
Answer 1: In Maharashtra 50% seats are reserved for women in local self-governing institutions.
Answer 2: (b) Dowry Prohibition Act
Answer 3: The essence of democracy is Universal Adult Franchise.
Q2. State whether following statements are true or false. Give reasons for your answer.
(1) Indian democracy is considered the largest democracy in the world.
(2) Secrecy in the working of Government has increased due to the Right to Information.
(3) The nature of Constitution is seen as a living document.
Answer 1: The statement is true. Having a population that surpasses 1.3 billion people, which is still increasing, India happens to be the largest democracy in the world and is ranked second in terms of the size of nations after China.
Answer 2: The statement given is false. Due to the implementation of Right to Information Act in 2005, the people in the country are able to know the details regarding every single step of government or any flaws or delays in any case for the matter. Hence, this has increased the transparency of the government along with safety and belief in reforms.
Answer 3: The statement is true because our constitution is the building base of our democratic political ecosystem.
Q3. Write short notes.
(1) Provisions regarding minorities.
(2) Policy of reservation of seats.
(3) Women representation in the Lok Sabha.
Answer 1: Provisions regarding minorities – The Indian constitution has made several provisions for the protection of minorities. The government has adopted several policies for minorities to provide them the opportunities for education and employment. The Indian constitution prohibits discrimination on the basis of caste, religion, race, language and region. This is a comprehensive provision for minorities which fundamentally protects their right to equality, freedom, right against exploitation and cultural and educational rights.
Answer 2: Policy of reservation of seats – Policy of Reservation of seats is meant for those sections of society who have been deprived of the opportunities for education and employment for a long period of time. Accordingly, in educational institutions and in government services some seats are kept reserved for scheduled caste and scheduled tribes. There is also a provision of reservation of seats for other backward classes.
Answer 3: Women representation in the Lok Sabha – In our country, from the very beginning, women have inadequate representation in politics and political institutions. Many countries in the world have made efforts to increase representation of women. From this perspective, changes are taking place in India as well. The 73rd and 74th amendment reserved 33% of seats for women in local self-governing institutions. If we compare the women representation in 1951-52 elections, the number of women MP’s in Lok Sabha were 22, that is 4.5% and the latest election held in 2014 has 66 number of women MP’s that is 12.15%.
Q4. Explain the following concepts.
(1) Right based approach
(2) Right to information
Answer 1: Right based approach – In the decades after independence, progress was made towards more and more democratisation of India. However, in this process citizens were considered as beneficiaries. In the last few decades development is considered as the right of the citizens.
Answer 2: Right to information – Citizen empowerment is the essential condition of democracy. It is necessary to create opportunities for citizen’s participation and interaction with the government. Increased communication between citizens and government helps in strengthening democracy and in building a relationship of trust between them. Citizens have a right to know about the functioning of the government. The Government of India gave the Right to Information to the citizens of India to ensure transparency and accountability which are the hallmarks of good governance. Right to Information has made the government more transparent and has reduced the element of secrecy in the working of government.
After the year 2000, the whole approach towards democratic reforms has changed. Democratic reforms are considered as ‘rights’ of citizens. Accordingly, citizens in India have got Right to Information, education and food security. These rights have strengthened democracy in India.
Q5. Answer the following questions.
(1) What are the effects of reducing the voting age from 21 years to 18 years?
(2) What is meant by the establishment of social justice?
(3) Which decision of the Court has resulted in protection of honour and dignity of women?
Answer 1: Article 326 of the Constitution, the voting age was lowered right from 21 to 18. It is an amazing option for the young voters because they are now able to vote according to their requirements and specifications. With lots of people in the 18 to 21 years of age group, the chances of leaders elected to the office have changed a great deal.
Answer 2: Social justice and equality are the important objectives of our constitution. The principles of justice and equality aim at ending discrimination in social status such as superior or inferior on the basis of caste, religion, language and gender, place of birth, race, property and giving equality of opportunity for development to every individual.
To establish justice and equality, efforts are to be made at all levels of society. But the government’s efforts and policies on this front are more important. For Democracy to be inclusive, one must try to bring all sections of the society into the mainstream. Democracy is in fact, a process of accommodating different sections in society. Democracy helps in reducing social conflicts.
Answer 3: Women have been victimized for a number of years now and despite several measures taken lawfully, there has been no improvement in their situation. Realizing the importance of some stringent laws, courts have passed the same to safeguard women to a greater extent. The court deciding to invalidate the Talak of Muslim women just by saying it thrice has been a commendable decision and law enforced to protect women dignity. Another decision that court has taken is to increase and intensify the punishment for rape, which can go from 10 years of imprisonment to lifetime of imprisonment and also death sentence.