Abiotic Factors

The world we live in has many components – from rivers and lakes to forests and valleys. Not to mention, the animals and plants that inhabit these environments. From an ecological perspective, we can categories these environmental components into two types – biotic factor and abiotic factors. We shall discover what are abiotic factors in an ecosystem.

What are Abiotic Factors?

Abiotic factors are the non-living components of the ecosystem. These include factors such as wind, water, sunlight, soil, temperature and humidity. Abiotic factors can either be non-living chemical and physical parts of the environment. Abiotic factors have the potential to affect all living organisms with respect to their growth, reproduction and survival.

Abiotic Factors Examples

The abiotic factors in an ecosystem are as follows:

  • Water
  • Temperature
  • Humidity
  • Atmosphere
  • Light
  • Acidity
  • Soil

Please note, the abiotic factors list may change depending on the environment. For instance, sound waves and pressure can also be considered as an abiotic factor in sub-terrestrial or marine environments.

Also Read: Responses To Abiotic Components

In conclusion, the abiotic factors of the environment refer to the nonliving factors such as water, sunlight, humidity and temperature. These factors are important for the survival of animals and plants.

Further Reading:

Explore more information about Biotic Factors, or any other related topics, please visit BYJU’S Biology.

Frequently Asked Questions on Abiotic Factors

What are Abiotic Factors?

Abiotic factors are the non-living components of an ecosystem.

List a few abiotic factors of an ecosystem

Abiotic factors of an ecosystem are, water, temperature, humidity, atmosphere, light, acidity, soil, oxygen levels, turbidity, pressure and soundwaves.

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