Bones of the Leg

Table of Contents

Human beings have a pair of hindlimbs. The hindlimbs have 30 bones each that form thigh, shank, knee, and foot.

Considering thigh, shank, and knee as a leg, the leg comprises the bones:

  • Femur
  • Tibia
  • Fibula

The femur forms the upper leg while the tibia and the fibula form the lower portion of the leg.


The femur is the only bone located within the thigh. Furthermore, it is one of the strongest as well as the longest bones in the human body. The femur connects the pelvic bone to the lower leg bones. Another important feature of the femur is that it forms a ball-and-socket joint with the hip.


The tibia is one of the two bones present in the lower leg. It is also known as the shank bone or the shinbone. Moreover, the tibia is the larger and the stronger of the two. Anatomically, the tibia connects the ankle bone with the knee.


The fibula is called the calf bone and connects to the tibia above and below. It runs laterally to the tibia and is smaller than the two. Moreover, the bottom part of the fibula extends well past the tibia and forms the lateral part of the ankle.

Also Refer:  Bones of the Ankle

Frequently Asked Questions on Bones of the Leg


What are the bones of the leg?

The leg comprises the following bones:

  • Femur
  • Tibia
  • Fibula

Where is the femur located?

The femur is located in the thigh region. It is also known as the thigh bone.

What are the bones present in the shank region?

The bones present in the shank region are the tibia and the fibula.

What is a ball-and-socket joint? Where is it located?

Ball-and-socket joint is a type of bone joint that consists of a ball-shaped surface on one bone and a socket on the other. It is located in the hip joint [femur has the ball and pelvic bone has the socket].

What is the strongest and longest bone in the body?

The strongest and longest bone in the body is the femur.

Explore more related topics by registering at BYJU’S Biology.

Read more:

Learn Better through BYJU'S Quiz


Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.