Difference Between Axon and Dendrites

The nerve cell has two very distinct and important components called axons and dendrites. These two parts of the cell are responsible for relaying electrical signals with other nerve cells. Read on to explore how these two structures are different from each other and the specific function they perform

Difference Between Dendrites and Axons

Axons
Dendrites
Number
Only one axon per nerve cell Many dendrites in a nerve cell
Arises From
The discharging end of a neuron The receiving end of a neuron
Length
Longer than dendrites Comparatively shorter than axons
Thickness
Uniformly thick throughout its length Edges taper off into branch-like structures
Neurofibrils
Present Present
Nissl’s Granules
Absent Present
Direction of Conduction
Conducts impulses away from the cell body (soma) Conducts impulses towards the cell body
The terminal branches end in a knot Knots are not formed

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