Effects of Waste Disposal

Effects of waste disposal vary based on the type of methods adopted. For instance, open dumping is a waste disposal method that is inexpensive and widely observed. However, this method often classified as illegal and pose many health hazards. 

Sometimes, the effects of waste disposal can have severe consequences on the environment. For instance, dumping untreated wastes into water bodies can have disastrous consequences on marine life. It can also potentially affect humans as toxic compounds can travel up the food chain through bioaccumulation.

Major Effects of Waste Disposal 

Efficient disposal methods can mean the difference between becoming an environmental bio-hazard or a safe and sustainable method for getting rid of wastes. 

Effects of Waste Disposal 




Land Fill

Land can be reused for community purposes

Needs frequent maintenance. May lead to infiltration of toxins into the soil or groundwater.


Requires very little land, the residue is stable and non-toxic

Requires high energy requirement

Waste Compaction

Significantly reduces the volume of waste

Cannot compress certain materials such as glass bottles or jars


Enriches soil, reduces the need for natural fertilizers

Requires relatively large areas. The odour may become a problem

Open Dumping


Potential health hazard as it can harbour many pathogens


Sustainable for the future

Expensive, separation of materials is hard.

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