Fruit Definition

Fruits are seed-bearing structures formed from the ovaries of only flowering plants

A fruit is the soft, pulpy part of a flowering plant that contains seeds. It is formed from the ovaries of angiosperms and is exclusive only to this group of plants.

Fruits are classified into four types namely:

  • Simple fruits
  • Aggregate fruits
  • Multiple fruits
  • Accessory fruits

A simple fruit grows from a single ovary of a single flowering plant. For example, banana, grape, tomato etc.

Aggregate fruits consist of mass drupelets and each drupelet is developed from several carpels of the same flower. For example, blackberry and raspberry.

Multiple fruits form from carpels derived from multiple flowers. For example, pineapple.

Accessory fruits are formed from adjacent tissues exterior to the carpel AND NOT from the floral ovary. For example, apple and pear.

Main Article: Fruits – Formation, Parts and Different Types of Fruits

Frequently Asked Questions on Fruit Definition


Define fruits.

Fruits are seed-bearing structures formed from the ovaries of flowering plants after flowering.


What are the types of fruits?

Simple, aggregate, multiple and accessory are the four types of fruits.

Further Reading:

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