Pistil

The pistil is the female structure of a flower, which mainly consists of stigma, style, ovary and ovule. It is primarily designed or adapted to pollination and followed by the fertilization process.

Also refer: Parts of a Flower.

Structure of Pistil

The pistil is the female reproductive part of a flower, located centrally within the flower. It mainly consists of a swollen base, the ovary, ovules, a stalk, a pollen-receptive tip, the stigma and other female reproductive parts of a flower. It generally varies in its shape and is often found sticky. The number of pistils usually vary with the different species of a flower. Each pistil is constructed from one to many enrolled leaf-like structures, which functions by safeguarding the ovules.

Also Read: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

Functions of Pistil

The main function of the pistil is to produce ovule. Other functions and importance of pistil include:

  1. It is the female reproductive part of a flower.
  2. It receives pollen and helps in the fertilization process.
  3. It is also involved in the germination process of the pollen grains.
  4. It also helps in the process of pollination by transferring pollen grains.
  5. Pistil comprises a stigma, which has a sticky top and plays a vital role in the germination of the pollen grains.

Read more: Pollination

This article concludes an introduction to the pistil. To know more about pistils, their structure, functions, different parts of flowers, other related topics and important questions on flowers, types of flowers, keep visiting our website at BYJU’S Biology.

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