Eagles are large birds of prey which belong to Class Aves. An estimated 60 species of eagles have been identified, with the majority endemic to Eurasia and Africa. In India alone, there are over 12 species of eagles such as the spotted eagle, serpent eagle and hawk-eagle.
Eagles are informally categorized into 4 groups based on certain shared characteristics. These are:
- Fish Eagles/ Sea Eagles
- Booted Eagles/ True Eagles
- Serpent Eagles/ Snake Eagles
- Harpy/ Giant Forest Eagles
Sea Eagles or fish eagles are called so because fish makes up a large portion of their diet.
Also called True Eagles, members of this group have feathers on their lower legs (tarsi).
Serpent eagles or Snake Eagles are called such because snakes and other small reptiles form a considerable part of their diet.
Giant Forest Eagles or harpy eagles are large birds that are found in tropical forests.
Note: Even if a species belong to one of the above informal groups, the species might not be genetically related to other species in that group.
Scientific Names of Eagle Species
- Steller’s sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus)
- Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi)
- White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)
- Golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
- Martial eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus)
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Frequently Asked Questions on Scientific Name of Eagle
What is the scientific name of Eagle?
The scientific name of an eagle is Accipitridae (Family).