Scientific Names Of Animals And Plants

Introduction to Binomial Nomenclature

Binomial Nomenclature is a widely used, formal system of naming a species. The nomenclature consists of two names, both of which are derived from Latin, however, it can be derived from other languages too. Such a name is called a binomial name or a scientific name.

The generic name or the initial part of the name highlights the genus to which an organism belongs to. The second part, or the specific name, identify the exact species to which the organism falls under, within the genus. Furthermore, there are certain rules to be followed in binomial nomenclature, such as the generic name is always capitalized, while the specific name is not. And the entire name is to be italicised. We can understand this system better with an example:

Modern Humans
Generic Name Homo
Specific Name sapiens

Scientific Names Of Animals

Listed below are the scientific names of a few common animals.

Common Animals Names with Their Scientific Names

Arabian camel Camelus dromedarius
African elephant Loxodonta africana
Albatross Diomedeidae
Alpaca Lama pacos
Asian Elephant Elephas maximus
Bison Bos gaurus
Blackbuck Antelope cervicapra
Black rat Rattus rattus
Buffalo Babalus bubalis
Bulbul Molpastes cafer
Cat Felis domesticus
Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus
Chinkara Gazella bennettii
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
Crocodile Crocodylus palustris
Dog Canis lupus familiaris
Red fox Vulpes vulpes
Gavial or Gharial Gavialis gangeticus
Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis
Great horned owl Bubo virginianus
Hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius
Horse Equus caballus
House crow Corvus splendens
House mouse Mus musculus
House sparrow Passer domesticus
House wall Lizard Hemidactylus flaviviridis
Indian Cobra Naja naja
Indian parrot Psittacula eupatria
Indian Python Python molurus
Kashmir stag or hangul Cervus canadensis hanglu
King cobra Ophiophagus hannah
Koel Eudynamis scolopaccus
Leopard or panther Panthera pardus
Lion Panthera leo
Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus
Peacock Pavo cristatus
Pigeon Columba livia
Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus
Rat snake Ptyas mucosa
Rhesus monkey Macaca mulatta
Rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis
Sea snake Hydrophiinae
Siberian crane Grus leucogeranus
Tiger Panthera tigris
Wild Ass Equus africanus asinus
Wild boar Sus scrofa
Wolf Canis lupus
Zebra Equus quagga

Scientific Names Of Plants

Listed below are the scientific names of a few common plants.

Common Plant Names with Their Scientific Names

Apple Malus pumila
Bamboo Bamboosa aridinarifolia
Banana Musa paradisicum
Banyan Ficus benghalensis
Black Gram Plasoes mungo
Black Pepper Piper nigrum
Brinjal Solanum melongena
Capsicum Capsicum fruitscence
Carrot Daucas carota
Clove Syzygium aromaticum
Coriander Coriandrum sativum
Cotton Gossypium herbaceum
Cucumber Cucumis sativas
Curry plant Murraya koenigii
Drumstick Moringa oleifera
Garlic Allium sativum
Ginger Zingiber officinale
Green Gram Phaseolies auicus
Guava Psidium guava
Henna Lawsonia inermis
Horse Gram Dolichos biffoeus
Jowar Sorghum vulgare
Lemon Citrus Limonium
Lettuce Lactuca sativa
Maize Zea mays
Mango Mangifera indica
Mint Mentha arvensis
Money Plant Epipremnum aureum
Neem Azadhirachta indica
Onion Allium cepa
Orange Citrus aurantium
Pineapple Ananus sativus
Potato Solanum tubersum
Radish Raphanus sativus
Red Gram Cojonus cgjan
Sandalwood Santalum album
Spinach Spinacia oleracea
Tobacco Nicotina tobaccum
Tomato Lycopersican esculentum
Tulsi Ocimum sanctum
Turmeric Curcuma longa
Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris
Wheat Triticum aestivum

Scientific Names Of Extinct Organisms

Listed are few of the most popular and well-known extinct organisms along with their scientific names.

Famous Extinct Organisms with Their Scientific Names

Passenger pigeon Ectopistes migratorius
Tasmanian tiger Thylacinus cynocephalus
Moa Dinornithiformes
T-Rex Tyrannosaurus rex
Great auk Pinguinus impennis
Megalodon Carcharodon megalodon

Further Reading:


Practise This Question

Which of the following statements is/are false?

(I) Urine is hypertonic in distal convoluted tubule.            
(II) When urine passes into the collecting tubule, it becomes hypotonic.
III) Urine is isotonic in proximal convoluted tubule.          
(IV) Urine becomes more and more hypotonic as it passes down the Henle’s loop.