Scientific Name of Pigeon (Common Pigeon)

Columba livia

Also called the rock pigeon and rock dove, Columba livia is a member of the Columbidae family. Columba livia is also known as the common pigeon and is distributed on almost every continent. The domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) is a descendant of this species.

Columba livia have a pale grey plumage with two distinct black bars across each wing. The head sports dark greyish-blue head with a purplish iridescence extending down to its neck and wings. The beak is greyish-black with a white, fleshy covering at the base of the upper beak called the cere.

Adults have a wingspan of 24-28 inches and a body length of 11-15 inches. Wild rock doves usually weigh between 238-380 grams, though domestic and semi domestic individuals can easily exceed the average weight.

The eyes of this species have an orange/ yellow/ red iris with a pale, inner ring. The eyelids are orange and encapsulated in a white-grey eye ring. Around the eyes, the skin is bare.

Also Read:

Explore more interesting topics on pigeon or other fascinating animals by registering with BYJU’S Biology

Frequently Asked Questions on Scientific Name of Pigeon


What is the scientific name of Pigeon (Common Pigeon)?

The scientific name of the common pigeon is Columba livia.


Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.