Also called the rock pigeon and rock dove, Columba livia is a member of the Columbidae family. Columba livia is also known as the common pigeon and is distributed on almost every continent. The domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) is a descendant of this species.
Columba livia have a pale grey plumage with two distinct black bars across each wing. The head sports dark greyish-blue head with a purplish iridescence extending down to its neck and wings. The beak is greyish-black with a white, fleshy covering at the base of the upper beak called the cere.
Adults have a wingspan of 24-28 inches and a body length of 11-15 inches. Wild rock doves usually weigh between 238-380 grams, though domestic and semi domestic individuals can easily exceed the average weight.
The eyes of this species have an orange/ yellow/ red iris with a pale, inner ring. The eyelids are orange and encapsulated in a white-grey eye ring. Around the eyes, the skin is bare.
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Frequently Asked Questions on Scientific Name of Pigeon
What is the scientific name of Pigeon (Common Pigeon)?
The scientific name of the common pigeon is Columba livia.