Probability Class 10 Notes: Chapter 15

The Probability Class 10 Notes Chapter 15 provided here highlights all the important concepts, formulas, and laws that are included in this chapter. The class 10 probability concepts that are covered in these notes are:

  • What is Probability and its Types
  • Events and its Types
  • Some Important Terms Related to Probability
  • Example Questions

Probability For Class 10 (Chapter 15)

In 10th standard, you will come across one of the major concepts of Mathematics, which is called a probability. It basically states the probability of an event to occur. Here you will learn the theoretical knowledge of probability.  Also, there will be questions based on the theory to understand the fundamentals in a better way. This chapter has a good weightage in the exam. Therefore, students should not miss learning this part. For your ease, we have described the topic, briefly here. Go through the complete sections one by one to become an excel in this branch of math.

What is Probability?

The probability of an event can be defined as the likelihood of an event to occur. There are mainly two types of probability which are experimental probability and theoretical probability.

Experimental Probability

Experimental probability or empirical probability can be defined as the probabilities of events in which the results of actual experiments are considered. The formula for empirical probability is-

\(P(E) = \frac{Number\, of\, trials\, in\, which\, the\, event\, happened}{Total\, number\, of\, trials}\)

Theoretical Probability

Theoretical probability is defined as the probability which is based on reasoning and expectations. The formula for theoretical probability is given as-

\(P(E) = \frac{Number\, of\, trials\, in\, which\, the\, event\, happened}{The\, total\, number\, of\, trials}\)

Events and Types of Probability

An event can be defined as a possible outcome of an experiment. There are various types of events in probability which are explained in the linked article. The events are extremely important and should be thoroughly understood.

Important Terms in Probability

The probability of a Sure Event 1
The probability of an Impossible Event 0
Probability Range 0 to 1
Sample Space It is defined as the superset of all possible outcomes in an experiment.
Elementary Event It is an event which has only 1 outcome
Complementary Events The complement of an event “X” is the event that is “not X”. It is represented as P(X’). Also, P(X) + P(X’) = 1

Probability Examples

Probability For Class 10

Probability For Class 10-Example Probability For Class 10

Sample Questions

  1. Find the probability of rolling a 4 with a normal die.
  2. A box contains 8 red balls and 5 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from that box. Find the probability that the ball drawn is (i) black (ii) not black
  3. What are the probabilities of getting a prime number and a odd number when a die is rolled?

Access CBSE Class 10 Maths Sample Papers Here.

Access NCERT Class 10 Maths Book Here.

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Keep visiting BYJU’S to get more such notes and study materials for the class 10 exam. Also, check out other Maths Notes For Class 10 and prepare for the board exams in a more efficient way.

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