In Mathematics, sometimes we use reciprocal number to get rid of fractions in the equations if it contains an unknown variable. The reciprocal make the equation easier to solve. The term reciprocal is also known as multiplicative inverse. In this article, we are going to discuss how to find the reciprocal of a number, fractions, mixed fractions, decimals with more examples.
Table of Contents:
- Reciprocal of a Number
- Reciprocal of a Fraction
- Reciprocal of a Mixed Fraction
- Reciprocal of a Decimal
Reciprocal in Mathematics means any expression which when multiplied by another expression, gives unity (1) as a result. The reciprocal of any quantity is, one divided by that quantity. For a number a, it would be 1/a.
Example: Reciprocal of a number 7 is 1/7.
It has many other definitions too :
- It is also called the multiplicative inverse.
- It is similar to turning the number upside down.
- It is also found by interchanging the numerator and denominator.
- All the numbers have reciprocal except 0.
- The reciprocal of the product of a number is 1.
Generally, it is written as, x=1/x or x = x-1 for a number x.
Examples: The reciprocals of 3 and 8 are 1/3 and 1 /8
Reciprocal of 3/4 is 4/3.
It is also expressed by the number raised to the power of negative one and can be found for fractions and decimal numbers too.
In math, when you take the reciprocal twice, you will get the same number what you started with.
Example: The reciprocal of 4 is 1/4. When you repeat this step it becomes 4/1 or 4. Here you get the same number where you started with.
Reciprocal of a Number
It is defined as one over that number.
Example: Find the reciprocal of 5
Solution: To find the solution, we will use x=1/x
Therefore, 5= 1/5
Reciprocal of a Fraction
The reciprocal of a fraction can be found by interchanging the numerator and the denominator values.
Example: Find the reciprocal of 2 / 3
Solution: To find the solution we will follow the following steps
The reciprocal of 2/3 is 3/2. (or) use the formula, x = 1/x, where 2/3=1/2/1/3
Reciprocal of a Mixed Fraction
In order to find the same for a mixed fraction, convert it into improper fractions and do the operation.
Consider a mixed fraction, 4(1/2).
The first step is to convert a mixed fraction into an improper fraction.
= (2/2) + (2/2) + (2/2) + (2/2) + (1/2 )
4(1/2) = 9/2
Now, you get the fraction and do the same operation for finding the reciprocal by flipping the numerator and the denominator.
Reciprocal of a Decimal
The reciprocal of a decimal is the same as it is for a number defined by one over the number.
Example: Find the reciprocal of a decimal 0.75
Solution: The reciprocal of a number, x=1/x
Therefore, 0.75= 1/0.75
An alternate method to find it is given below.
Consider the same example, 0.75.
First, you have to check whether the given decimal number is possible for converting into a fractional number. Here 0.75 is written as 3/4
Now, find the reciprocal of 3/4 which gives 4/3
When you verify both the solutions, it results in the same.
That is, 1/0.75 = 1.33 and
Numbers and their Reciprocals
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