Types of Fractions

Fractions are one of the most common terms used in Maths, to determine the parts of a whole object. There are different types of fractions such as proper fraction, improper fraction and mixed fraction, which we are going to discuss here in this article, along with definition. Apart from these, we can also perform operations such as addition and subtraction of fractions, etc.

In earlier classes, we came across the concept of whole numbers for measuring quantities. However, in real-life scenarios all the measured quantities cannot be perfect whole numbers, we may have to deal with parts and portions of whole things, and this is where the concept of fraction comes into the picture.

Fraction Definition

A fraction can be considered to be the ratio of two numbers. The upper number is called Numerator, and the lower part is known as the Denominator. When a whole of something is divided into the number of parts, then each part is referred to as a fraction.  A typical example of how the concept of fraction works is illustrated in the below figure.

Types Of Fractions

Consider another example, a WHOLE pizza is divided into EIGHT PIECES that form the fraction, where one piece of the whole pizza is represented as 1/8, where 1 is the numerator and 8 is the denominator.


Proper Fraction

Fraction Types

There are three different types of Fractions. They are:

  • Proper Fraction
  • Improper Fraction
  • Mixed Fraction

Proper Fraction

A fraction where the numerator is less than the denominator, then it is known as a proper fraction

i.e., Numerator < Denominator

Proper Fraction

Improper Fraction

A fraction where the numerator is greater than the denominator, then it is known as an improper fraction

i.e., Numerator > Denominator

Improper Fraction

Mixed Fraction

A mixed fraction is the combination of a whole number and fraction. It is basically an improper fraction

Mixed Fraction

For a better visual understanding of the concept, please watch the videos on our youtube channel or download the BYJU’S app.

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