Types of Fractions

Fractions are one of the most common terms used in Maths, to determine the parts of a whole object. There are types of fractions such as Proper fraction, improper fraction and mixed fraction, which we are going to discuss here in this article, along with definition. Apart from these, we can also perform operations such as addition and subtraction of fractions, etc.

In earlier classes, we came across the concept of whole numbers for measuring quantities. However, in real life scenarios all the measured quantities cannot be perfect whole numbers, we may have to deal with parts and portions of whole things, and this is where the concept of fraction comes into the picture.

Types Of FractionsIllustration 1: A typical example of how the concept of fraction works

When a whole of something is divided into the number of parts, then each part is referred to as a fraction.

A fraction can be considered to be the ratio of two numbers; The upper number is called Numerator, and the lower part is known as the Denominator.

Proper Fraction

Illustration 2: an example of pizza where a WHOLE pizza is divided into EIGHT PIECES that form the fraction where 1 is the numerator, and 2 is the denominator.


Proper, Improper and Mixed Fractions

Proper Numerator < Denominator
Improper Numerator > = Denominator
Mixed •      Is a combination of whole number and fraction

•      is basically an improper fraction

For a better visual understanding of the concept, please watch the videos on our youtube channel or download the BYJU’S app.

Practise This Question

Identify the proper fractions from the following:

1. 117

2. 37

3. 99999

4. 114788

5. 14100