Cos 0

The trigonometric functions are also known as an angle function that relates the angles of a triangle to the length of the triangle sides. Trigonometric functions are one of the most important topics which are used in the study of periodic phenomena like sound and light waves, the study of harmonic oscillators and finding the average temperature variations. The three familiar trigonometric ratios are sine function, cosine function, and tangent function. It is commonly defined for the angles less than a right angle, trigonometric functions are stated as the ratio of two sides of a right triangle containing the angle in which the values can be found in the length of various line segments around a unit circle. The angles of a triangle are calculated with respect to sin, cos and tan functions. Usually, the degrees are represented as 00, 300, 450, 600, 900, 1800, 2700 and 3600. Here, we will discuss the value for cos 0 degrees and how the values are derived using the quadrants of a unit circle.

Cos 0 degrees

To define the cosine function of an acute angle, start with the right-angled triangle ABC with the angle of interest and the sides of a triangle. The three sides of the triangle are defined as follows:

  • The opposite side is defined as the side opposite to the angle of interest.
  • The hypotenuse side is the side opposite the right angle and it should be the longest side of a right triangle
  • The adjacent side is the remaining side where it forms a side of both the angle of interest and the right angle

The cosine function of an angle is equal to the length of the adjacent side divided by the length of the hypotenuse side and the formula is given by

\(\cos \theta =\frac{adjacent side}{hypotenuse side}\)

Derivation to Find Cos 0 Value Using Unit Circle

Assume a unit circle with the center at the origin of the coordinate axes. Consider that P (a, b) be any point on the circle which forms an angle AOP = x radian. This means that the length of the arc AP is equal to x. So we define that cos x = a and sin x = b

Cos 0

Now consider a triangle OMP is a right triangle,

By using the Pythagorean theorem, we get

OM2+ MP2= OP2 (or) a2+ b2= 1

So for every point on the unit circle, we define it as

a2+ b2 = 1 (or) cos2 x + sin2 x = 1

It is noted that the one complete revolution subtends an angle of 2π radian at the center of the circle,

∠AOB=π/2,

∠AOC = π and

∠AOD =3π/2.

Since all angles of a triangle are the integral multiples of π/2 and it is commonly called as quadrantal angles. Therefore, the coordinates of the points A, B, C and D are (1, 0), (0, 1), (–1, 0) and (0, –1) respectively. Therefore, from the quadrantal angles, we can get the cos 0 value

Cos 00 = 1

Now, when we take one complete revolution from the point P, again it comes back to the same point P. So, we also observe that the values of sine and cosine functions do not change, if x increases or decreases by an integral multiple of 2π,

cos (2nπ + x) = cos x, where n ∈ Z

Further, it is observed that

cos x = 0, when x = ±π/2, ±3π/2, ±5π/2, … It means that cos x vanishes when x is an odd multiple of π/2.

So, cos x = 0 implies x = (2n + 1)π/2 , where n takes the value of any integer.

For a triangle, ABC having the sides a, b, and c opposite the angles A, B, and C, the cosine law is defined.

Consider for an angle C, the law of cosines is stated as

c2 = a2 + b2– 2ab cos(C)

In the same way, we can derive other values of cos degrees like 300, 450, 600, 900, 1800, 2700 and 3600. Below is the trigonometry table, which defines all the values of cosine function along with other trigonometric ratios.

trigonometric ratios

Sample Example

Question:

Find the value of cos 150

Solution:

Cos 150= cos(450-300)

Now, take the values a = 450 and b = 300

By using the formula, \(\cos (a-b)= \cos a\cos b+\sin a\sin b\)

So, it becomes Cos 150 = cos 450 cos 300 +sin 450 sin 300

\(\cos 15^{\circ}= \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\frac{1}{2}\)

\(\cos 15^{\circ}= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2\sqrt{2}}+\frac{1}{2\sqrt{2}}\)

\(\cos 15^{\circ}= \frac{\sqrt{3}+1}{2\sqrt{2}}\)

For more information on cos 0 and other trigonometric functions, visit BYJU’S and also watch the interactive videos to clarify the doubts.


Practise This Question

If A=1tanθ2tanθ21 and AB = I, then B =