Three Dimensional Shapes

In geometry, three-dimensional shapes or 3D shapes are solids that have three dimensions such as length, width and height. Whereas 2d shapes have only two dimensions,i.e. length and width. Examples of three-dimensional objects can be seen in our daily life such as cone-shaped ice cream, cubical box, a ball, etc. Students will come across these shapes in Class 6.

Geometry is one of the practical sections of Mathematics that involves various shapes and sizes of different figures and their properties. Geometry can be divided into two types: plane and solid geometry. Plane geometry deals with flat shapes like lines, curves, polygons, etc., that can be drawn on a piece of paper. On the other hand, solid geometry involves objects of three-dimensional shapes such as cylinders, cubes, spheres, etc. Here we will discuss a few fundamental elements of solid geometry or three-dimensional geometry.

Three-dimensional Shapes Names:

  • Cube
  • Cuboid
  • Cone
  • Cylinder
  • Sphere
  • Pyramid
  • Prism

What are Three-Dimensional Shapes?

Shapes that can be measured in 3 directions are called three-dimensional shapes. These shapes are also called solids. Length, width, and height (or depth or thickness) are the three measurements of three-dimensional shapes. These are the part of three-dimensional geometry. They are different from 2D shapes because they have thickness. Several examples can be found in everyday life. Some of them are:

Three Dimensional Shapes examples

Solid Shapes in Maths

In Mathematics, the three-dimensional objects having depth, width and height are called solid shapes. Let us consider a few shapes to learn about them. You can find many examples of solid shapes around you, such as a mobile, notebook or almost everything you can see around is a solid shape.

Three dimensional shapes related Articles

Faces, Edges, and Vertices of Three Dimensional Shapes

Three-dimensional shapes have many attributes, such as vertices, faces, and edges. The flat surfaces of the 3D shapes are called faces. The line segment where two faces meet is called an edge. A vertex is a point where three edges meet.

Also, read: Vertices, Edges and Faces

Dimensions - Three Dimensional Shapes

Faces, Edges and Vertices

List of Three-dimensional Shapes

The list of 3d shapes are given below:

  • Cube
  • Cuboid
  • Cylinder
  • Cone
  • Sphere
  • Prism
  • Pyramid

Here, we are going to discuss the list of different three-dimensional shapes with their properties and the formulas of different 3D shapes.

Cube

Cube

A cube is a solid or three-dimensional shape which has 6 square faces. The cube has the following properties.

  • All edges are equal
  • 8 vertices
  • 12 edges
  • 6 faces

Cuboid

Cuboid

A cuboid also called a rectangular prism, where the faces of the cuboid are a rectangle in shape. All the angle measures  90 degrees. The cuboid has

  • 8 vertices
  • 12 edges
  • 6 faces

Prism

Prism

A prism is a 3D shape which consists of two equal ends, flat surfaces or faces, and also has identical cross-section across its length. Since the cross-section looks like a triangle, the prism is generally called a triangular prism. The prism does not have any curve. Also, a prism has

  • 6 vertices
  • 9 edges
  • 5 faces – 2 triangles and 3 rectangles

Pyramid

Pyramid

A pyramid a solid shape, whose outer faces are triangular and meet to a single point on the top. The pyramid base can be of any shape such as triangular, square, quadrilateral or in the shape of any polygon. The most commonly used type of a pyramid is the square pyramid, i.e., it has a square base and four triangular faces. Consider a square pyramid, it has

  • 5 vertices
  • 8 edges
  • 5 faces

Cylinder

Cylinder

A cylinder is defined as a three-dimensional geometrical figure which has two circular bases connected by a curved surface. A cylinder has

  • No vertex
  • 2 edges
  • 2 flat faces – circles
  • 1 curved face

Cone

Cone

A cone is a three-dimensional object or solid, which has a circular base and has a single vertex. The cone is a geometrical figure that decreases smoothly from the circular flat base to the top point called the apex. A cone has

  • 1 vertex
  • 1 edge
  • 1 flat face – circle
  • 1 curved face

Sphere

Sphere

A sphere is a three-dimensional solid figure which is perfectly round in shapes and every point on its surface is equidistant from the point is called the center. The fixed distance from the center of the sphere is called a radius of the sphere. A sphere has

  • No vertex
  • No edges
  • 1 curved face

How to Make 3d Shapes for Maths Project

If you know what three-dimensional shapes are, it would be easy for you to build a 3d shape project for a house or a building. This would be easy for the students to make as they can measure the rooms easily. Rest all they need is cardboard, glue, scissors and art supplies to make it look exactly like a mini house or building.

Surface Area and Volume of 3D shapes

The two distinct measures used for defining the 3D shapes are:

  • Surface Area
  • Volume

Surface Area is defined as the total area of the surface of the three-dimensional object.  It is denoted as “SA”. The surface area is measured in terms of square units. The three different classifications of surface area are defined below. They are:

  • Curved Surface Area (CSA) is the area of all the curved regions
  • Lateral Surface Area (LSA) is the area of all the curved regions and all the flat surfaces excluding base areas
  • Total Surface Area (TSA) is the area of all the surfaces including the base of a 3D object

Volume is defined as the total space occupied by the three-dimensional shape or solid object. The volume is denoted as “V”. It is measured in terms of cubic units.

Shapes Surface Area Volume
Cube The Surface Area of a Cube = 6a2 square units The volume of a Cube = a3  cubic units
Cuboid The Surface Area of a Cuboid = 2(lb+bh+lh) Square units The volume of a Cuboid = lbh Cubic units
Cylinder The Surface Area of a Cylinder = 2πr(h +r) Square units

The curved surface area of a cylinder = 2πrh

The volume of a Cylinder =  πr2 h Cubic units
Cone Surface Area of a Cone = πr(r +√(r2+h2) Square units

Curved surface area of a cone =πrl square units

Slant height of a cone = l = √(r2+h2) units

Volume of a Cone = ⅓ πr2h Cubic units
Cylinder Surface Area of a Cylinder = 2πr(h +r) Square units

Curved surface area of a cylinder = 2πrh

Volume of a Cylinder =  πr2 h Cubic units
Sphere Curved Surface Area of a Sphere = 2πr² Square units

Total Surface Area of a Sphere = 4πr² Square units

Volume of a Sphere = 4/3(πr3) cubic units
Pyramid Surface Area of a Pyramid = (Base area) + (1/2) × (Perimeter) × (Slant height) Square units Volume of a Pyramid =  1/3 × (Base Area) × height Cubic units

Learn more about the three-dimensional shapes with BYJU’S – The Learning App. Download the app today and start practice.

Video Lesson

Solid shapes

Nets of Solid Shapes

To Know About Nets Of Solid Shapes, Watch The Below Video:

Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs

What are the three dimensional shapes?

The three-dimensional shape, in geometry, are those shapes that are defined along three dimensions such as length, width and height.

What are the different types of three dimensional shapes?

The different types of three dimensional shapes are cone, cylinder, cuboid, cube, sphere, rectangular prism, pyramid.

Is square a three dimensional shape?

Square is not a three dimensional shape instead it is a two dimensional shape.

What is a three dimensional round shape object called?

A three dimensional round shape is a sphere. For example, a football is a spherical shaped object.

What are the examples of three dimensional shapes?

There are a number of examples of three dimensional shapes that can be seen in real life such as Rubik cube, a globe, gas cylinder, a cubical box, a cuboidal board etc.

Test your knowledge on Three Dimensional Shapes

1 Comment

  1. This was amazing but if you add some questions in it then it will be more easier

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