In geometric progression (G.P.), the sequence is geometric and is a result of the sum of G.P. A geometric series is the sum of all the terms of geometric sequence. Before going to learn how to find the sum of a given Geometric Progression, first know what a GP is in detail.
What is Geometric Progression?
If in a sequence of terms, each succeeding term is generated by multiplying each preceding term with a constant value, then the sequence is called a geometric progression. (GP), whereas the constant value is called the common ratio. For example, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, … is a GP, where the common ratio is 2.
In the given examples, the ratio is a constant. Such sequences are called Geometric Progressions. It is abbreviated as G.P.
Where r is a constant which is known as common ratio and none of the terms in the sequence is zero.
Now, learn how to add GP if there are n number of terms present in it.
Also check: Arithmetic Progression
Sum of Nth terms of G.P.
A geometric series is a sum of an infinite number of terms such that the ratio between successive terms is constant. In this section, we will learn to find the sum of geometric series.
Derivation of Sum of GP
Since, we know, in a G.P., the common ratio between the successive terms is constant, so we will consider a geometric series of finite terms to derive the formula to find the sum of Geometric Progression.
Consider the G.P,
There are two cases, either
If r=1, then
Multiply (1) with r gives,
Subtracting (1) from (2) gives
|Sum of n terms
The above formula is also called Geometric Progression formula or G.P. formula to find the sum of GP of finite terms. Here, r is the common ratio of G.P. formula.
Sum of GP for Infinite Terms
If the number of terms in a GP is not finite, then the GP is called infinite GP. The formula to find the sum to infinity of the given GP is:
S∞ = Sum of infinite geometric progression
a = First term of G.P.
r = Common ratio of G.P.
n = Number of terms
This formula helps in converting a recurring decimal to the equivalent fraction. This can be observed from the following example:
0.22222222… = 0.2 + 0.02 + 0.002 + 0.0002 + …..∞
= (0.2 × 0.10) + (0.2 × 0.11) + (0.2 × 0.12) + (0.2 × 0.13) + ….∞
= (0.2) + (0.2 × 0.1) + (0.2 × 0.12) + (0.2 × 0.13) + ….∞
This of the form a + ar + ar2 + ar3 + ….. ∞ (infinite GP) such that a = 0.2 and r = 0.1.
Thus, 0.22222222… = 0.2/(1 – 0.1)
Hence, the equivalent fraction of 0.22222222… is 2/9.
Sum of Infinite Terms of G.P.
Solved Examples on Sum of G.P.
Solution: First, we have to find the common ratio
Since the first term,
n = 7
Therefore, 192 is
Dividing (1) by (2) gives,
Example 3: Find the sum of the first 6 terms of the G.P 4, 12, 36,…..
Sum of n terms of a G.P,
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