The Square root of a number is the value which when multiplied by itself gives the original number. For example, the square root of 4 is 2, because when we multiply 2 by itself, it gives the result as 4 only. If a is a number, then the square root of a is represented as √a.
The square root is an important function of principal mathematics, that was found and developed a long time ago. Its history originates from all across the world, spanning from Ancient Greece to Ancient India. In this article, let us discuss in detail about the definition, formula and get the values of square roots from 1 to 25 with some shortcut tricks.
Table of Contents:
- Solving Square Root Equation
- Square Root Chart
- Applications of Square Roots
- Square Root Examples
The square root of any number gives the same number when multiplied by itself.
For example, √(m.m) = √(m2) = m
Also, The square root function of a number that helps to map a set of non-negative real numbers onto itself. It is usually represented as:
f(x) = √x
For example, the square root of 2 is denoted as √2. To gain a better understanding of square roots, let us take another example as this will show us exactly how to find a square root of a number.
Square Root Symbol
The square root symbol is also called as a radical symbol and is usually represented as ‘√’. To represent a number ‘x’ as a square root using this symbol can be written as:
‘ √x ‘ where x is the number itself. The number under the radical symbol is called the radicand. For example, the square root of 6 is also represented as radical of 6. Both represent the same value.
Square Root Formula
Using the above explanation, we can conclude that,
How to Solve Square Root Equation
To solve the square root equation we need to follow the below steps:
Isolate the square to one of the sides (L.H.S or R.H.S)
Square both the sides of the given equation
Now solve the rest equation
Let us understand the steps with examples.
Example: Solve √(4a+9) – 5 = 0
√(4a+9) – 5 = 0
Isolate the square root term first.
√(4a+9) = 5
Now on squaring both the sides, we get;
4a+9 = 52
4a + 9 = 25
4a = 16
a = 16/4
a = 4
Square Roots Table
Here is the list of the square root of numbers from 1 to 50.
How do you Figure out Square Roots?
Many mathematical operations have an inverse operation such as division is the inverse of multiplication, subtraction is the inverse of addition. Similarly, Squaring has an inverse operation called square root. Finding the square root of a number is the inverse operation of squaring that number.
Example: Square of 7 = 7 x 7 = 72 = 49
The square root of 49, √49 = 7
But for some values such as square root of 10, 13, 17, we cannot use this method, as these numbers are not perfect square numbers.
How to Find Square Roots Without Calculator?
This is quite an interesting way to figure out the square root of a given number. The procedure completely based on the method called “guess and check”
Guess your answer, and verify. Repeat the procedure until you have the desired accurate result. Mostly used to find the square roots of numbers that aren’t perfect squares. We can also use the long division method to find the square root of a number.
Squares and Square Root
Let us see the value of squares and the square root of squares of the same numbers here.
|0||02 = 0||√0 = 0|
|1||12 = 1||√1 = 1|
|2||22 = 4||√4 = 2|
|3||32 = 9||√9 = 3|
|4||42 = 16||√16 = 4|
|5||52 = 25||√25 = 5|
|6||62 = 36||√36 = 6|
|7||72 = 49||√49 = 7|
|8||82 = 64||√64 = 8|
|9||92 = 81||√81 = 9|
|10||102 = 100||√100 = 10|
Applications of Square Roots
The square root formula is an important section of mathematics that deals with many practical applications of mathematics and it also has its applications in other fields such as computing. We can use the square root values while simplifying the problem. For example, if we are having the equation in the radical form such as the square root of 5(√5), it is quite difficult to solve the equation. So, the substitution of the square root value helps to simplify the equation. Computation can simply be done using our personal calculators that have the square root function within them to get the square root of any number.
It also has a whole list of other functions available such as in geometry, where one can easily map the area of a square to its side length. It also has a whole host of other interrelated mathematical functions and uses; such as its applications in finding out formulas for roots of quadratic integers, quadratic fields and quadratic equations.
Square Roots Examples
Let us understand this concept with the help of an example:
Solve √10 to 2 decimal places.
Step 1: Select any two perfect square roots that you feel your number may fall in between.
22 = 4; 32 = 9, 42 = 16 and 52 = 25
Choose 3 and 4 (as √10 lies between these two numbers)
Step 2: Divide given number by one of those selected square roots.
Divide 10 by 3.
=> 10/3 = 3.33 (round off answer at 2 places)
Step 3: Find the average of root and the result from the above step i.e.
(3 + 3.33)/2 = 3.1667
Verify: 3.1667 x 3.1667 = 10.0279 (Not required)
Repeat step 2 and step 3
Now 10/3.1667 = 3.1579
Average of 3.1667 and 3.1579.
(3.1667+3.1579)/2 = 3.1623
Verify: 3.1623 x 3.1623 = 10.0001 (more accurate)
Stop the process. Answer!
Example 2: Find the square roots of whole numbers perfect squares from 1 to 100.
Solution: The perfect squares from 1 to 100: 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100
Example 3: What is,
- Square root of 2
- Square root of 3
- Square root of 4
- Square root of 5
Solution: Use square root list, we have
- value of root 2 i.e. √2 = 1.4142
- value of root 3 i.e. √3 = 1.7321
- value of root 4 i.e. √4 = 2
- value of root 5 i.e. √5 = 2.2361
Example 4: Is square Root of a Negative Number a whole number?
Solution: No, As per the square root definition, negative numbers shouldn’t have a square root. Because if we multiply two negative numbers result will always be a positive number. Square roots of negative numbers expressed as multiples of i (imaginary numbers).
- Simplify √142
- Find the value of √12.
- Are √155, √121 and √139 perfect squares?
To learn more about square roots and other maths topics in a more engaging and effective way, register with BYJU’S- The Learning App.