The square root of a number say â€˜nâ€™, is another number say â€˜mâ€™, in such a way that when m is multiplied to itself or when we take the square of m, it gives number â€˜nâ€™. The square root of 120 gives a decimal number and not a whole numbers. It is because the number 120 doesnâ€™t have proper factors. Usually, by the method of prime factorization, we get the set of numbers which are multiplied together to get the initial number.
For all nonnegative real numbers, we can find a unique nonnegative square root, which is called the principal square root. Therefore, the square root of 120 gives us a unique nonnegative number. It is denoted as \(\sqrt{120}\), where \(\sqrt{}\) is called radical sign or radix. The number 120, whose square has to be derived is called as radicand. Or we can say the term or the number underneath of the radical sign is specified as radicand.
Some square roots are easy to find out which gives us whole numbers but some with fractions or decimal numbers are a little difficult one to find. The square root of 120 has a nonnegative real number which is in decimal form. The square roots define that a number has two defined roots, one positive and one negative. Like for example, \(\sqrt{9}\) have two roots, +3 and 3. But the square root of negative real numbers are impossible to define and therefore, they give imaginary roots. For example, if we have to find the square root of 9, then it gives +3i and 3i as their roots, where â€˜iâ€™ stands for an imaginary number.
Simplification of square root of 120
The value of the square root of 120 is 10.954451150103. Let us learn how to find out its value. As discussed, when a number is multiplied by itself, it gives a value whose square root can be taken. Like if write the square of a number equal to another b, we get,
b = a^{2}
Now if we have to take the square root of b, we get,
\(\sqrt{b}\) = \(\sqrt{a^2}\)So, the root cancels the square or unsquare it. Therefore we get,
\(\sqrt{b}\) = aSimilarly, we can find the square root of 120 here, by writing its prime factors first.
We can write, 120 = 2 * 2 * 2 * 3 * 5
Taking out the root means, taking out the pair of numbers present underneath the radix.
Therefore, the square root of 120, \(\sqrt{120}\) = \(\sqrt{2 * 2 * 2 * 3 * 5}\) \(\sqrt{120}\) = 2 \(\sqrt{2 * 3 * 5}\) = 2\(\sqrt{30}\) \(\sqrt{120}\) = 2\(\sqrt{30}\).
This is the radical form of \(\sqrt{120}\). But to find the accurate value, we have to mention the value of \(\sqrt{30}\).The value of the square of 30 is 5.477. Therefore,
\(\sqrt{120}\) = 2 * 5.477 = 10.9544You can use square root long division method to find the value of \(\sqrt{30}\). This method gives the perfect value for any square root. Apart from these are we have certain methods by the means of which we can find the square root of a given number.
We can represent the square roots in a graphical form.
Properties of square roots
 The general form of representation of square root is \(\sqrt{x}\) = a, where x has two roots +a and a.
 The principal square root function can be represented as f(x) = \(\sqrt{x}\). It is used to map the area of the square to its side length.
 The square root of a perfect square gives nonfraction and nondecimal number.
 For all nonnegative real numbers a and b,
 The square root of a nonnegative real number x, can be represented as,
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