Difference Between Breathing and Respiration

Breathing and respiration are inevitable for living organisms. Note that, these terms are not synonymous. There is a great difference between the two. Respiration is the physical process of inhaling and exhaling the air in and out of lungs. Meanwhile, respiration is the process of generating energy by breaking down the glucose using oxygen. The generated energy is used by cells to function.

Difference Between Breathing and Respiration

Breathing is a physical process of exchanging gases between the cells and the environment. The mechanism of breathing involves respiratory organs like lungs, nose, etc. Respiration, on the other hand, is a chemical process that takes place in the cell. The air that we inhale while breathing, brings oxygen to the lungs. The oxygen is absorbed and carbon dioxide is exhaled. The oxygen is carried by the blood to the cells where it helps in the breakdown of glucose which results in the generation of energy. This generated energy is used by the cells to carry out their respective functions. Let us look at more differences between breathing and respiration

Breathing

Respiration

Breathing involves the process of inhaling and exhaling the air in and out of lungs. While breathing, oxygen is inhaled and carbon dioxide is exhaled.

Respiration is the process of the breaking down the glucose to produce energy which is used by cells to carry out the cellular function.

Breathing takes place in lungs.

Respiration takes place in cells.

Breathing is a physical voluntary process.

Respiration is a chemical involuntary process.

No energy is produced during the process.

Energy is released in the form of ATP.

It is an extracellular process, as it occurs outside cells.

It is an intracellular process, as it occurs inside cells.

No enzymes are used during the process.

A large number of enzymes are used during the process.

Breathing takes places through respiratory organs like lungs, nose, etc.

Respiration takes place in cells and cell organelles like mitochondria, etc.

From the differences given, we can conclude that breathing and respiration are two different processes and cannot be used interchangeably. To know more about respiration, the types of respiration, etc. Visit BYJU’S.


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