Many of them belittle evolution because “it is just a theory.” Gravity, on the other hand, must be real because it is a law. The words “theory,” “facts,” “laws” and “hypothesis” have a very specific meaning in the scientific world that doesn’t quite match the ones we use in everyday language. Science employs a particular vocabulary to describe how ideas are proposed, tested, validated or disproven. And this is where we see the difference between hypothesis and theory. A hypothesis is a tentative explanation of an observation that can be tested. It acts as a starting point for further explanation. Theory, on the other hand, is an explanation of some aspect of the natural world that’s well-justified by facts, tested hypotheses, and laws. Let us look at more differences between hypothesis and theory given in a tabular column below.
Theory vs Hypothesis
|A theory is a well-vindicated explanation of a natural phenomenon that is validated through observation and experimentation.||A hypothesis is an educated guess based on certain data that acts as a foundation for further investigation.|
|It is based on a wide range of data||It is based on limited data|
|A theory is tested and proven scientifically||A hypothesis is not tested and proven scientifically|
|The results are certain||The results are uncertain|
|It relies on evidence and verification||It relies on the possibility|
From the above differences, we can infer that a hypothesis might change significantly as the testing occurs. A hypothesis can either be right or wrong. When a hypothesis is tested and proved true, it becomes a theory. At BYJU’S, learn more differences like the difference between asteroid and comet.