Difference Between Mitochondria and Plastids

Mitochondria and plastids are the cell organelles present in eukaryotes. Mitochondria is found in all the eukaryotic cells including plants and animals, whereas, plastids are found only in plant cells.

Let us know the major difference between mitochondria and plastids.

Read more:  Aerobic Respiration.

Mitochondria vs Plastids

The important difference between mitochondria and plastids are:

Difference Between Mitochondria and Plastids

Difference Between Mitochondria and Plastids
Mitochondria Plastids
Found in all eukaryotic cells Found in only plant cells
Produces ATP Produces glucose and stores it as starch
The main function is cell respiration Main organelle for photosynthesis
Smaller in size Comparatively larger in size
Pigments are absent Pigments are present

Mitochondria

Mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell. It is an organelle that is responsible for the production of ATP in the cell. This ATP is used as a sort of “currency” for the cell and is primarily used for aerobic respiration.

Plastids

Plastids are similar to mitochondria in that they help in the production and storage of food (glucose). They are only found in plants and contain different pigments.

The main difference between mitochondria and plastids is that mitochondria are found in all eukaryotic cells, but plastids are exclusive to plants and algae.

Also ReadPlastids

Conclusion

Mitochondria and Plastids are very important cell organelles that perform different functions. The main difference between Mitochondria and Plastids are that plastids are present only in plants, mitochondria, on the other hand, are present in all eukaryotic cells.

Explore more: Mitochondria 

These were a brief introduction on the difference between mitochondria and plastids. For more information related to other cell organelles, their structure, functions and for other related topics, keep visiting BYJU’S Biology

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