Difference Between Mitochondria and Plastids

What are Mitochondria and plastids?

We already know that Mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell. It is an organelle that is responsible for production of ATP in the cell. This ATP is used as a sort of “currency” for the cell and is primarily used for aerobic respiration. Plastids, on the other hand are similar to Mitochondria – they help in production and storage of food (glucose). They are only found in plants and contain different pigments. The main difference between Mitochondria and Plastids are that mitochondria is found in all eukaryotic cells, but plastids are exclusive to plants and algae.

Difference Between Mitochondria and Plastids

Difference Between Mitochondria and Plastids

We are already familiar with the primary difference – Plastids are present only in plants but mitochondria is present in all eukaryotic cells. Let’s discover the other major differences between Mitochondria and plastids:

Difference Between Mitochondria and Plastids

Mitochondria

Plastids

Found in all eukaryotic cells

Found in only plant cells

Produces ATP

Produces glucose and stores it as starch

Main function is cell respiration

Main organelle for photosynthesis

Smaller in size

Comparatively larger in size

Pigments are absent

Pigments are present

Conclusion

Mitochondria and Plastids are very important cell organelles that perform different functions. The main difference between Mitochondria and Plastids are that plastids are present only in plants, mitochondria on the other hand is present in all eukaryotic cells.

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