We come across many wastes on the roadsides, near the park, bust stops, etc. These wastes are the main cause of pollutions. Therefore it is necessary to maintaining cleanliness in our home and surroundings by throwing all the wastes into the garbage bins which are specially designed for dumping wastes.
What is Garbage?
The trash, waste materials and all the unwanted and used products are collectively called as Garbage. This mainly includes wastes from the kitchen, peels of vegetable and fruits, spoiled food products, animal’s wastes, waste papers, dried leaves, and plastic materials, husk, weed, cattle wastes, and many other waste products which are produced on a daily basis.
What are the Components of Garbage?
The wastes are classified into two types – Biodegradable and Non- biodegradable wastes.
Any organic matter, which can be decomposed into a simpler substance with the help of microbes is called as the Biodegradable wastes. They are eco –friendly and includes all the organic wastes from plants sources, agricultural wastes, etc.
The wastes that cannot be decomposed and creates pollution in our environment are termed as the biodegradable wastes. These wastes can be recycled and they include plastics, paints, metals, glasses, etc.
Is Garbage necessary?
Yes, Garbage is necessary for maintaining cleanliness in and around our surroundings. Throwing all the wastes into the Garbage bin helps in maintaining a clean and disease free environment.
How are these Garbage recycled?
These Garbage bins are carried to the different recycling plants, where the wastes are segregated into two different groups. All dry wastes including the newspapers, plastic products, glass items, and other waste are separated into different containers where it can be recycled and reused to produce new useable products.
Also, read about the Recycling of Paper.
The biodegradable wastes are collected into separate containers and are used for producing manure through the process of Composting. Few of these materials are also used for producing biogas and biofuel.
Also, read Vermicomposting for Step by Step procedure to prepare compost.
Along with dumping and segregating the wastes, we have to move a step ahead in reducing the amount of garbage we produce by following the principle of 3R’s –
Reduce, Reuse and Recycle.
By following these 3 R’s we can save energy, trees, and other natural resources which are used for producing new products.
This was the brief introduction on the Garbage, its importance and types of wastes.
Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more in detail about the wastes, their management and other related topics @ BYJU’S Biology