CLAT Exam Subjects 2024

CLAT is an entrance exam conducted by the Consortium of National Law Universities for undergraduate and postgraduate law programmes. The CLAT exam for undergraduate law course comprises 5 subjects or areas, whereas the CLAT exam for postgraduate progammes focuses on subjects/areas related to Constitutional law and other areas of law that are given in detail here. Aspirants preparing for CLAT 2024 must be well-versed with the subjects in the syllabus to score well in the exam.

All updates related to the CLAT examination subjects or topics will be made available here. Go through the official website of the Consortium ( for more information on the CLAT examination. If you are preparing for the upcoming Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), refer to the page on the CLAT Syllabus to get detailed information on the exam pattern, important areas given in the syllabus etc.

CLAT Exam Subjects for Undergraduate (UG) Law Programme 2024

The CLAT 2024 exam will be conducted in offline mode in December 2023. It is a 2 hour test containing 150 multiple-choice questions, each carrying 1 mark. There is a negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer.

The important subjects to study for CLAT 2024 are:

  1. English language,
  2. Current Affairs, including General Knowledge,
  3. Logical Reasoning
  4. Legal Reasoning
  5. Quantitative Techniques

The ‘Current Affairs including General Knowledge’ and ‘Legal Reasoning’ sections have the highest weightage of approximately 25% each. Approximate weightage for each subject/section is given in the table below.

CLAT Exam Subjects for Undergraduate (UG) Law Programme 2024

Section Approximate Weightage (%) No. of Questions
English Language 20 28-32
Current Affairs including General Knowledge 25 35-39
Logical Reasoning 20 28-32
Legal Reasoning 25 35-39
Quantitative Techniques 10 13-17

English Language

The English language section comprises passages of about 450 words followed by a series of questions that will try to evaluate the comprehension and language skills, ability to comprehend the main point, arguments and viewpoints, draw inferences and conclusions, summarise the passage, understand the meaning of different phrases and words etc.Hence, candidates should ensure that their preparation should also focus on these core principles of evaluation. Passages will be taken from contemporary or historically important fiction and nonfiction writing

Current Affairs including General Knowledge

Current affairs section will also comprise passages of about 450 words followed by question, which may try to examine the legal information or knowledge related to the passage. These passages will be derived from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing. Candidates should focus on various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including:

International affairs Arts and culture
Historical events of continuing significance. Contemporary events of significance from India and the world

Legal Reasoning

Legal reasoning section has a weightage of 25 percent, therefore candidates should prepare well for this section. This section will comprise passages of about 450 words just like English and current affairs. Passages will be based on “fact situations or scenarios” involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. Awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues may help candidates to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios. Questions on the passage may require candidates to :

  • Identify and infer the rules and principles
  • Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations
  • Understand how changes to the principles may alter their application to various fact situations

Logical Reasoning

Logical reasoning section will comprise passages of about 300 words followed by questions that will focus on :

  • Identifying an argument, its premises and conclusions
  • Critically analysing patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence
  • Inferring what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations
  • Drawing relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments

Quantitative Techniques

The Quantitative Techniques section is given an approximate weightage of 10 percent. This subject will contain short sets of facts or propositions and graphs, other diagrammatic representations of numerical information etc. Candidates have to derive information from such passages and graphs and apply mathematical operations on such information.

How to prepare for all the subjects for CLAT exam?

  • Read newspapers and periodicals
  • Improve reading speed and capacity
  • 10th standard Maths textbook may be used for the quantitative section
  • Practise previous year question papers
  • Practise sample question papers, learning tools and materials provided on the official website of the consortium
List of Current Affairs Articles for UPSC

What skills are tested in the CLAT 2024 exam?

  • The ability to read and grasp the passage’s content.
  • Any ideas or points of view mentioned or stated in the paragraph.
  • Understanding of the concerns raised in the passage.
  • Comprehending Legal issues, concepts and facts emanating from the passage.
  • To summarise the paragraph and the decision or legislation.
  • Your ability to apply your legal understanding as presented in the text.

CLAT Subjects for Postgraduate (PG) Law Programme 2024

The postgraduate CLAT 2024 examination will give more emphasis on evaluating the comprehension abilities of candidates along with other skills. The PG CLAT examination contains one section with 120 questions carrying 1 mark each. It is a 2 hour offline exam. There is negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer. The subjects or areas that the CLAT exam will focus on are:

  • Constitutional Law
  • Jurisprudence
  • Administrative Law
  • Law of Contract
  • Torts
  • Family Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Property Law
  • Company Law
  • Public International Law
  • Tax Law
  • Environmental Law
  • Labour & Industrial Law

Therefore, candidates preparing for the CLAT 2024 postgraduate law programme should study the mandatory subjects in their undergraduate program well. They should primarily focus on the list given above.

PG-CLAT 2024 Exam Pattern and Preparation Tips

The PG-CLAT 2024 exam will comprise passages followed by questions. The extracts will be taken from primary legal materials such as important court decisions in various fields of law, regulations etc. The exam tries to evaluate the candidate’s ability to read and comprehend the issues, arguments and viewpoints, summarise the passage, awareness of the issues, legal facts and issues and judgement or statute from which it is derived and ability to apply knowledge of the fields of law related to the passage.

Candidates preparing for the PG-CLAT 2024 exam should go through important judgments, constitutional and legislative provisions and try to recognise various issues discussed in such judgments. Moreover, they should be aware of historical case law and amendments related to various important constitutional and legislative provisions.

Last-minute Preparation Tips for CLAT 2024 Exam

  • Aspirants should try to avoid picking up a new concept that need to started from scratch. This would lead to confusion and therefore, it’s best to only study what you have already prepared.
  • Aspirants should focus on increasing the number of mock tests and previous year’s papers to gauge their preparation level.
  • Keeping a note of time while taking a mock test is essential for candidates to analyse the exam speed and accuracy and individual time management skills.
  • Reading newspapers and staying updated with events related to current affairs on ongoing national and global issues will also help candidates score well.
  • Stay focused and concentrate more on your studies during the last few days before the exam. Avoid any sort of distractions.

Related Links:

CLAT Exam Date CLAT Exam Syllabus
CLAT Exam Pattern CLAT Result
CLAT Books  CLAT Admit Card


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