List Of Famous Gardens In India

This article gives the list of famous gardens in India and its location. You will also know about the prominent feature of each garden in India in the list of famous gardens PDF available. 

Candidates preparing for competitive exams be it Bank exam, Government exam, UPSC exam or any other exam, the list of famous gardens is important as questions related to these gardens are asked in various exams.

The list of famous gardens given in this article also serves as an important topic for candidates preparing for various government exams.

Candidates can check the Government exams page for information on various government exams. 
UPSC 2023

For detailed information on the famous gardens of India, candidates are advised to download the pdf attached below, wherein you will know the name and location of the famous garden, peculiarity and other details related to it.

List of Famous Gardens in India- Download PDF Here  

Brief History of Gardens in India

Ancient Indian gardens are mentioned in several ancient Hindu texts including Rigveda, Ramayana, and Mahabharata. Buddhist accounts mention bamboo groves which were gifted by King Bimbisara to Buddha.

The Emperor Ashoka’s inscriptions mention the establishment of botanical gardens for planting medicinal herbs, plants, and trees. They contained pools of water, were laid in grid patterns, and normally had chattri pavilions with them.

The ancient Indian texts mentions details on house gardens and that a good wife should plant vegetables, bunches of sugarcane, clumps of the fig trees, mustard, parsley and fennel, various flowers like jasmine, rose and others likewise be planted and seats and arbours should be made and the middle of the garden should have a well, a tank or a pond, various other treatises also mention establishing lotus shaped baths, lakes, lotus-shaped seats, swings, roundabouts, Menageries.

In medieval India, courtyard gardens are also essential elements of Mughal and Rajput palaces.

Gardens In India – Location & Prominence

S. No.  Gardens in India Location
1 Auroville Botanical Gardens Auroville, Tamil Nadu
2 Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden Kolkata, West Bengal
3 Brindavan Garden Mysore, Karnataka
4 Balasinor Dinosaur Fossil Park Mahisagar, Gujarat
5 Company Garden Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
6 Chashme Shahi Srinagar, J & K
7 Chaubatia Garden Chaubatia, Uttrakhand
8 Chambal Garden Kota, Rajasthan
9 Government Botanical Garden Ooty, Tamil Nadu
10 Hanging Garden Mumbai, Maharashtra
11 Jallianwala Bagh Amritsar, Punjab
12 Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Garden Gangtok, Sikkim
13 Jhansi Botanical Garden Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh
14 Kalindi Kunj New Delhi
15 Lal Bagh Bangalore, Karnataka
16 Law garden Ahmedabad, Gujarat
17 Lloyd’s Botanical Garden Darjeeling, West Bengal
18 Lodi Garden New Delhi
19 Malampuzha Garden Palakkad, Kerala
20 Mehtab Bagh Agra, Uttar Pradesh
21 Mughal garden New Delhi
22 Nishat Bagh Srinagar, J & K
23 Pilikula Botanical Garden Mangalore, Karnataka
24 Pinjore Garden Panchkula, Haryana
25 Rock Garden Darjeeling
26 Rock Garden of Chandigarh Chandigarh
27 Saharanpur Botanical Garden, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh
28 Sajjan Niwas Garden (Gulab Bagh) Udaipur, Rajasthan
29 Sarita Udyan Gandhinagar, Gujarat
30 Shalimar Bagh Srinagar, J & K
31 Sim’s Park Coonoor, Tamil Nadu
32 The Royal Botanical Garden Howrah, West Bengal
33 Tulip Garden Srinagar, J & K
34 Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Sample Gardens in India Question and Answer for Competitive Exams

Given below are a few examples of the type of questions asked in these examinations.

Q.1. When were the botanical gardens at Auroville established

  1. 2000
  2. 1994
  3. 1996
  4. 2001

Answer (1) 2000

Q.2. Where is the Balasinor Dinosaur Park located?

  1. Aurangabad
  2. Bhubaneswar
  3. Ahmedabad
  4. Kolkata

Answer (3) Ahmedabad

Q.3. Who laid the foundation for the Lal Bagh Gardens?

  1. Nadaprabhu Kempe Gowda
  2. Tipu Sultan
  3. Hyder Ali
  4. Krishna Deva Raya

Answer (1) Nadaprabhu Kempe Gowda

Q.4. Who renovated the Yadavindra Gardens at Pinjore

  1. The Mughals under Jahangir
  2. The Duranis under Ahmed Shah Abdali
  3. The Sikh Rulers of the Patiala Dynasty
  4. The Marathas

Answer (3) The Sikh Rulers of the Patiala Dynasty

Q.5. Who built the Shalimar Bagh and where is it located?

  1. Mumtaz Mehal, Agra
  2. Akbar, Jaipur
  3. Jahangir, Srinagar
  4. Babur, Udaipur

Answer (2) Jahangir, Srinagar

Trivia: Mughal Emperor Jahangir had the Shalimar Bagh constructed for his wife Nur Jahan in 1619

Q.6. How big are the Lodi Gardens in Delhi

  1. 70 Acres
  2. 40 Acres
  3. 30 Acres
  4. 90 Acres

Answer (4) 90 Acres

Q.7. When was Lloyd’s Botanical Garden established?

  1. 1876
  2. 1878
  3. 1865
  4. 1931

Answer (2) 1878

Q.8. Who founded the Rock Gardens of Chandigarh

  1. Sushil Bhat
  2. Nek Chand Saini
  3. Aloknath Gujjar
  4. Shershah

Answer (2) Nek Chand Saini

Frequently Asked Question about Famous Gardens in India


Which Indian city is most famous for its gardens?

Chandigarh is known as The Garden City of India – it hosts a number of famous green spaces. The Nek Chand Rock Garden is a one-of-a-kind landmark that blends open-air sites with sculptural art, while the city’s Rose Garden contains a staggering 50,000 plants

Which state is known as the spice garden of India?

Kerala is referred to as the spice garden of India as it has a variety of spices and is popular in the entire world. Idukki and Wayanad are the major locations for the growth of spices in the entire state.

Which is the largest rose garden in India?

Zakir Gulab Baag is Asia’s largest Rose garden, spread out over 30 acres of land. Established in 1967, around 50,000 Rose bushes of 1600 different species bloom here. These have been planted in beautifully carved out lawns and flower beds.

Which is the biggest garden in Asia?

The largest botanical garden of Asia is Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden located at Shibpur, Howrah India.

Which city is known as the flower city of India?

Palanpur is known as the Garden City of India.Palanpur is a city and a municipality of Banaskantha district in the Indian state of Gujarat. Palanpur is the administrative headquarters of Banaskantha district.

Aspirants of competitive exams must be well aware of the list of famous gardens and their prominence. This topic holds relevance for the General awareness section of all types of competitive exams and for the Geography section in the UPSC exams.

Gardens in India and their prominence is an important static GK topic. For information on various Static GK check the article linked here.   

Other related Links:

Bank Exams Insurance Exams Government Exams After 12th
Government Schemes UPSC Syllabus IBPS Syllabus

For more such articles, keep checking BYJU’s page. 

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