UPPSC Subjects

The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission had changed the exam pattern for its Provincial Civil Services (PCS) exam in 2018.

Hence this article will give details about the UPPSC Subjects as per the 2018 syllabus and exam pattern.

Knowing the subjects beforehand will help the candidates in better preparing for the examination. Hence the article about subjects of the UPPSC Exam will be useful.

Candidates preparing for the Government Exams can find the following like useful

Details of UPPSC Subjects

The UPPSC PCS Exam is carried out in three stages:

  1. Prelims
  2. Mains
  3. Interview

The Prelims consists of the following papers:

  • General Studies -1
  • General Studies – 2

The General Studies -1 paper consists of the following subjects

Subjects for UPPSC PCS Prelims

Paper Subjects
General Studies – 1
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • India and World geography – Physical, Social, Economic geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public
  • Policy, Rights Issues etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty Inclusion,
  • Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives,etc.
  • General Issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change- that do not require subject specialization.
  •  General Science
General Studies – II
  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
  • Decision making and problem solving.
  • General mental ability
  • Elementary Mathematics upto Class X level- Arithmatic, Algebra, Geometry and Statistics.
  • General English upto Class X level.
  • General Hindi upto Class X level

The Mains section of the UPPSC Exam consists of the following:

  1. General Hindi
  2. Essay
  3. General Studies I
  4. General Studies II
  5. General Studies III
  6. General Studies IV
  7. Optional Subject – Paper 1
  8. Optional Subject – Paper 2

Subjects for UPPSC PCS Mains

Paper Subjects
General Studies – 1
  • History of Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and
  • Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history (from A.D.1757 to A.D. 1947): Significant events, personalities and issues, etc.
  • The Freedom Struggle- its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country (till 1965A.D.)
  • History of the world will include events from 18 century to middle of the 20 century such as French revolution of 1789, industrial revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, Socialism, Nazism, Fascism etc-their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society and culture.
  • Role of Women in society and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Meaning of liberalization, privatization and globalization and their effects on economy, polity and social structure.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Distribution of major natural resources of World- Water, Soils, Forests in reference to South and South-East Asia with special reference to India. Factors responsible for the location of industries (with special reference to India).
  • Salient features of Physical Geography- Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone, Ocean Currents, winds and glaciers.
  • Oceanic resources of India and their potential.
  • Human migration-refugee problem of the World with focus on India.
  • Frontiers and boundaries with reference to the Indian sub-continent.
  • Population and Settlements- Types and Patterns, Urbanization, Smart Cities and Smart Villages.
  • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh – History, Culture, Art, Architecture, Festival
  • Folk-Dance, Literature, Regional Languages, Heritage, Social Customs and Tourism.
  • Specific knowledge of U.P.- Geography- Human and Natural Resources, Climate Soils, Forest, Wild-Life, Mines and Minerals, Sources of Irrigation.
General Studies – II
  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basis structure,
  • Role of Supreme Court in evolution of basic provisions of Constitution.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States: issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein .
  • Role of Finance Commission in Centre- State financial relations.
  • Separation of powers, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. Emergence and use of alternative dispute redressal mechanisms.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other major democratic
  • countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures- structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers and privileges and concerned issues
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary: Ministries and Departments of the Government, Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Public Interest Litigation (PIL).
  • Salient features of the Reperesentation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, Powers, functions and their Responsibilities.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies including NITI Aayog, their features and functioning.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design, implementation and Information Communication Technology (ICT).
  • Development processes- the role of Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Self Help Groups (SHGs), various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes, mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education , Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger, their implication on body politics
  • Important aspects of governance. Transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential, citizens, charters and institutional measures.
  • Role of Civil Services in a democracy in the context of emerging trends.
  • India and its relationship with neighbouring Countries.
  • Bilateral, Regional and Global groupings and agreements involving India and/ or affecting India’s interest.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests- Indian diaspora.
  • Important International Institutions, Agencies, their structure, mandate and functioning.


  • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh regarding the Political, Administrative, Revenue and Judicial System.
  • Current affairs and events of Regional, State, National and International importance
General Studies – III
  • Economic planning in India, objectives and achievements. Role of NITI Aayog, Pursuit
  • of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s).
  • Issues of Poverty, Unemployment, Social justice and inclusive growth.
  • Components of Government Budgets and the Financial System.
  • Major Crops, Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce, e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices, Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, Limitations, revamping, issues of buffer stocks and food security, Technology missions in agriculture.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India since independence.
  • Effects of liberalization and globalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Science and Technology-developments and applications in everyday life and in National Security, India’s Science and Technology policy.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology, indigenization of technology.
  • Developments of New technologies, transfer of technology, dual and critical use technologies.
  • Awareness in the fields of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Space Technology, Computers, Energy resources, nano- technology, microbiology, bio-technology. Issues relating to intellectual property rights (IPR), and digital rights.
  • Environmental security and Ecosystems, Conservation of Wild life, Biodiversity, Environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment,
  • Disaster as a Non-traditional security and safety challenge, disaster mitigation and management.
  • Challenges of International Security: Issues of Nuclear proliferation, Causes and spread of extremism, Communication networks, role of media and social networking,
  • Basics of cyber security, money laundering and human trafficking
  • India’s internal security challenges: Terrorism, corruption, insurgency and organized crimes.
  • Role, kind and mandate of security forces, Higher defense organizations in India
  • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh Economy
  • Overview of UP Economy: State Budgets. Importance of Agriculture, Industry
  • Infrastructure and physical resources. Human Resources and Skill development.
  • Government Programmes and Welfare Schemes.
  • Issues in Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry and Animal Husbandry.
  • Law and Order and Civil Defence with special reference to Uttar Pradesh.
General Studies – IV
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships.
  • HumanValues-lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators, role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: Content, structure, function, its influence and relation with thought and behavior, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public services, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional Intelligence- concept and dimensions, its utility and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world
  • Public/Civil Service values and ethics in Public Administration: status and problems ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance, accountability and ethical governance, strengthening of moral values in governance, ethical issues in international relations and funding, corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: concept of public service, philosophical basis of governance and probity, information sharing and transparency in government.
  • Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen’s charter, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption

The Optional Subjects for UPPSC Mains are as follows:

UPPSC Mains Optional Subjects

Agriculture & Veterinary Science Arabic Lit. Zoology
Chemistry Hindi Lit. Statistics
Defence Studies Persian Lit. Physics
Management Sanskrit Lit. Mathematics
Political Science & International Relations Geology Commerce & Accountancy
Geography Psychology Economics
History Civil Engineering Public Administration
Social Work Medical Science Sociology
Agricultural Engineering Philosophy Anthropology
Mechanical Engineering Botany Electrical Engineering
Law English Lit. Animal Husbandry
Urdu Literature

Frequently Asked Question about UPPSC Subjects


How many subjects are there in UPPSC?

The UPPSC Mains Exam comprises eight papers that are descriptive in nature. The UPPSC Mains Exam is a merit-deciding round, it holds a great weightage as it is of 1500 marks. There are two major changes in the UPPSC main exam pattern.

Is the syllabus of UPSC and UPPSC same?

Being a national exam, UPSC includes details related to World- geography, history, and current affairs. While the UPPSC syllabus covers facts & current affairs related to India and especially to the state. Candidates can focus either on both exams or on anyone according to their ability.

To know more about the UPPSC Exam, candidates can refer to the following links. To know more in detail about other PSC Exams, visit the linked article.

Related Links

UPPSC PCS Prelims 2023 result UPPSC Syllabus
Current Affairs UPPSC Notifications
UPPSC PCS Preparation UPPSC PCS Admit Card
UPPSC Calendar UPPSC Eligibility



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