In statistics, the assumed mean method is used to calculate mean or arithmetic mean of a grouped data. If the given data is large, then this method is recommended rather than a direct method for calculating mean. This method helps in reducing the calculations and results in small numerical values. This method depends on estimating the mean and rounding to an easy value to calculate with. Again this value is subtracted from all the sample values. When the samples are converted into equal size ranges or class intervals, a central class is chosen and the computations are performed.
Assumed Mean Method Formula
Let x1, x2, x3,…,xn are mid-points or class marks of n class intervals and f1, f2, f3, …, fn are the respective frequencies. The formula of the assumed mean method is:
a = assumed mean
fi = frequency of ith class
di = xi – a = deviation of ith class
Σfi = n = Total number of observations
xi = class mark = (upper class limit + lower class limit)/2
Assumed Mean Method Questions
If xi and fi are numerically large, the assumed mean method is preferred. Below are some examples of calculating the mean of grouped data by this method.
The following table gives information about the marks obtained by 110 students in an examination.
Find the mean marks of the students using the assumed mean method.
|Class (CI)||Frequency (fi)||Class mark (xi)||di = xi – a||fidi|
|0-10||12||5||5 – 25 = – 20||-240|
|10-20||28||15||15 – 25 = – 10||-280|
|20-30||32||25 = a||25-25 = 0||0|
|30-40||25||35||35-25 = 10||250|
|40-50||13||45||45-25 = 20||260|
|Total||Σfi =110||Σfidi = -10|
Assumed mean = a = 25
Mean of the data:
= 25 + (-10/ 110)
= 25 -( 1/11)
Hence, the mean marks of the students are 24.9.
The table below gives information about the percentage distribution of female employees in a company of various branches and a number of departments.
|Percentage of female employees||Number of departments|
Find the mean percentage of female employees by the assumed mean method.
|Percentage of female employees (CI)||Number of departments (fi)||Class mark (xi)||di = xi – a||fidi|
|35-45||4||40 = a||0||0|
|Total||Σfi =35||Σfidi = 360|
Assumed mean = a = 40
Mean = a+ (Σfidi /Σfi)
= 40 + 10.28
Hence, the mean percentage of female employees is 50.28.