Properties of Matrices Inverse

Matrix Inverse Properties

The list of properties of matrices inverse is given below. Go through it and simplify the complex problems.

If A and B are the non-singular matrices, then the inverse matrix should have the following properties

  • (A-1)-1 =A
  • (AB)-1 =A-1B-1
  • (ABC)-1 =C-1B-1A-1
  • (A1 A2….An)-1 =An-1An-1-1……A2-1A1-1
  • (AT)-1 =(A-1)T
  • (kA)-1 = (1/k)A-1
  • AB = In, where A and B are inverse of each other.
  • If A is a square matrix where n>0, then (A-1)n =A-n

Where A-n = (An)-1

Sample Example

The example of finding the inverse of the matrix is given in detail. Go through it and learn the problems using the properties of matrices inverse.

Question:

Find the inverse A-1 of the matrix \(A=\begin{bmatrix} 2 & 1 & 1\\ 3 & 2 & 1\\ 2 & 1 & 2 \end{bmatrix}\)

Solution

Given: \(A=\begin{bmatrix} 2 & 1 & 1\\ 3 & 2 & 1\\ 2 & 1 & 2 \end{bmatrix}\)

We know that

A-1 = adj (A) / det(A)

A-1 = adj (A) / |A|

\(|A|=2\begin{vmatrix} 2 & 1\\ 1 & 2 \end{vmatrix}-1\begin{vmatrix} 3 & 1\\ 2 & 2 \end{vmatrix}+1\begin{vmatrix} 3 & 2\\ 2 & 1 \end{vmatrix}\)

|A| = 2(4-1) -1(6-2)+1(3-4)

|A| = 2(3) -1(4)+1(-1)

|A| = 6-4-1

|A| = 1

Now, find Adj(A):

\(A_{c}=\begin{bmatrix} (4-1) & -(6-2) & (3-4) \\ -(2-1) &(4-2) &-(2-2) \\ (1-2) &-(2-3) & (4-3) \end{bmatrix}\) \(A_{c}=\begin{bmatrix} 3 & -4 & -1 \\ -1 &2 &0 \\ -1 &1 & 1 \end{bmatrix}\)

Now, take the transpose of the cofactor matrix

\(A_{c}^{T}=\begin{bmatrix} 3 & -1 & -1 \\ -4 &2 &1 \\ -1 &0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}\)

Therefore,

A-1 = adj (A) / |A|

\(A^{-1}=\frac{1}{1}\begin{bmatrix} 3 & -1 & -1 \\ -4 &2 &1 \\ -1 &0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}\) \(A^{-1}=\begin{bmatrix} 3 & -1 & -1 \\ -4 &2 &1 \\ -1 &0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}\)

Register with BYJU’S – The Learning App to learn the properties of matrices, inverse matrices and also watch related videos to learn with ease.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *