Cysteine

cysteine

Our body uses cysteine which is an amino acid with the chemical formula HO2CCH(NH2)CH2SH, as most of the amino acids are used i.e. building blocks of proteins.

Cysteine can be generally defined as a non-essential amino acid. Foods that have high protein content are usually the ones that contain cysteine. Some major sources are dairy products, poultry products and meat. Some of the plant sources are granola, onions, red peppers, lentils etc.

N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) is the form when it ingested as a supplement. The amino acid in context is converted from the above chemical and then converted into glutathione which is a potent antioxidant.

The free radicals present in our bodies are fought by these antioxidants. Radicals are injurious compounds that harm the DNA, cell wall and cell membrane. Many problems have been associated with radicals, such as cancer, breaking down the mucus in the body etc. Cysteine, mainly the L-enantiomer, is a precursor in personal-care, pharmaceutical and food industries.

Source of Cysteine

Cysteine is created from methionine – an essential amino acid by our body. Some of the foods that have the amino acid are enlisted below:

  • Pork
  • Duck
  • Turkey
  • Yogurt
  • Ricotta
  • Granola
  • Chicken
  • Oat flakes
  • Wheat germ
  • Lunch meat
  • Sausage meat
  • Cottage cheese.

Applications of Cysteine

Cysteine also comes into play in the development of flavors.

For instance, in the Maillard reaction, it reacts with sugars to give us meaty flavors. The art of baking uses this nonessential amino acid as a processing aid. Biomolecular structures and its dynamics are explored by the use of this chemical. Other applications of Cysteine are:

  1. Cigarettes also contain cysteine.
  2. It is also used to treat schizophrenia.
  3. It acts as an antidote for hangovers and liver damage.
  4. Asian countries also use cysteine for personal care applications.
  5. It controls the blood sugar levels, and are widely used by the Patients of type 2 diabetes.
  6. Emphysema, cystic fibrosis and asthma have shown great response to this chemical.

 

Discover more about Cysteine, its structure, uses, and other related topics only @ BYJU’S Biology

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