Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Mellitus is caused due to the lack of insulin or hyposecretion of insulin. There are two types of diabetes mellitus viz type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The type 1 diabetes mellitus is also called Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM). The type 2 diabetes mellitus is called Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM). Diabetes Insipidus is caused by the deficiency of ADH. In this, the person suffers from polyurea. It is also called Drinker’s disease. The table given below will help you understand the major differences between the two.

Also Read: Insulin and Glucagon

Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus – Differences

Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Insipidus
Deficiency
Insulin ADH
Type of disorder
Pancreatic Hypothalamic
Blood sugar level
High Normal
Ketone formation
Occurs Does not occur
Urine Volume
Excessive Enormous
Urine concentration
Normal Very dilute
Cholesterol level in the blood
Increases Normal
Excretion of sugar in the urine
Yes No
Symptoms
Feeling extremely thirsty, excessive eating and urine production Thirsty, excretion of large amounts of urine, and dehydration

Also Read: Human Insulin

These were some of the important difference between Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus. For more information on different types of Diabetes Mellitus, keep visiting BYJU’S Biology website.

 

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