Diabetes Mellitus is caused due to the lack of insulin or hyposecretion of insulin. There are two types of diabetes mellitus viz type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The type 1 diabetes mellitus is also called Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM). The type 2 diabetes mellitus is called Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM). Diabetes Insipidus is caused by the deficiency of ADH. In this, the person suffers from polyurea. It is also called Drinker’s disease. The table given below will help you understand the major differences between the two.
Also Read: Insulin and Glucagon
Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus – Differences
|Properties||Diabetes Mellitus||Diabetes Insipidus|
|Type of disorder||Pancreatic||Hypothalamic|
|Blood sugar level||High||Normal|
|Ketone formation||Occurs||Does not occur|
|Urine concentration||Normal||Very dilute|
|Cholesterol level in the blood||Increases||Normal|
|Excretion of sugar in the urine||Yes||No|
|Symptoms||Feeling extremely thirsty, excessive eating and urine production||Thirsty, excretion of large amounts of urine, and dehydration|
Also Read: Human Insulin
These were some of the important difference between Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus. For more information on different types of Diabetes Mellitus, keep visiting BYJU’S Biology website.